History studied in Year 9: 1688-1815 including French and American revolutions
Term 1: 1688-1730, Term 2: 1730-1786, Term 3: 1786-1815
Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.
Asterisks refer to which term the book is used:
For some thoughts behind the planning of this Year, some encouragement, and an explanation of AO/HEO upper years' "Salad Bar" approach, click here. Take the time to read the footnoted notes and comments; you will not be able to make good decisions about what to include or not without doing so. If this looks overwhelming for your student, you might consider plan B - a lightened load for Year 9. See it here.
YEAR 9 BOOKLIST AND SALAD BAR
GOVERNMENT AND ECONOMICS
GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION
LIFE AND WORK SKILLS
Suggested Devotional Reading
* Christian Life by Sinclair Ferguson ($) 
** The God Who is There by Francis Schaeffer ($) 
*** The Practice of the Presence of God by Brother Lawrence β Δ ($) Ω OR The Christian's Secret to a Happy Life by Hannah Whitall Smith Δ ($ K) Ω (under Advisory review)
Optional: Saints and Heroes, Vol 2 by George Hodges Δ (Heritage History) ($ K) 
Make a century chart of the period studied. 
Optional: Cambridge History of English and American Literature Vol. XI: French Revolution. 
Optional: Truthquest History guides 
You may wish to select Churchill's Age of Revolution plus one of the American history books, OR simply choose one of the following options. Choosing two American History books would probably be overkill. (Term 1: 1688-1730; Term 2: 1730-1786; Term 3: 1786-1815)
SUPPLEMENTS, SPEECHES AND DOCUMENTS
* Select documents from here.
* Transcriptions of Salem Witch Trial Court Records 1692 ∫ 
** Declaration of Rights (1765) Ω 
** The Declaration of Independence (1776) Ω ☊
** The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence (1775) ∫
** Articles of Confederation (1777) ∫
** Articles of Capitulation, Yorktown (1781) ∫
** Treaty with Great Britain (1783) ∫
** Constitution of the United States (1787) (current copy here) ∫
** The Federalist Papers, articles 1 and 2 (1787) Ω ∫
** Letters to His Son by Lord Chesterfield β Δ ($elections) Ω ∫ 
** Optional: Michael Medved audio of accounts of Revolutionary War battles 
** Optional:"Liberty! The American Revolution" DVD series (purchase on DVD) 
** "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!" Patrick Henry's famous speech Ω Ω ∫ ☊ 
** Edmund Burke's Plea for Conciliation with the American Colonies, March 22,1775 Ω
** Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" Sermon (1741) ∩ Ω ∫
** "John Wesley Denounces the Doctrine of Predestination" (1740) 
*** Washington's First Inaugural Address (1789) ∫ 
*** Treaty with the Six Nations (1794) Ω ∫
*** Washington's Farewell Address also here. Ω (1796) ∫
*** Treaty with France (Louisiana Purchase) (1803) ∫
*** Treaty with Great Britain (End of War of 1812) (1814) ∫
*** Miracle at Philadelphia by Catherine Drinker Bowen ($)  ∫
*** The Invasion of Canada by Pierre Berton ($) 
*** Speech by William Wilberforce concerning the slave trade.  ∫
*** Optional: Amazing Grace, the movie about Wilberforce.
*** Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation by Joseph J. Ellis ($ K) ∫ 
Choose 3-5 from among these suggestions: 
* A biography of George Washington 
* A biography of Ponce de Leon or Peter the Great (purchase one by J. Abbott) Ω
* ** Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin β Δ ($) Ω ∫
** *** John Adams by David McCullough ($ K)  OR John Adams and the American Revolution by Catherine Drinker Bowen ($) 
*** Marie Antoinette and Her Son by Louise Muhlback β Δ 
*** Napoleon Bonaparte by John S. C. Abbott Δ Consider having your student write a narration comparing Napoleon to George Washington. 
*** The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson by Robert Southey β Δ ($) 
*** Life of Johnson by James Boswell β Δ 
Other Suggestions: Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton or Mozart ($ "Letters of W. A. Mozart")
Choose one to three of the following: 
* London to Land's End by Daniel Defoe β
** Lewis and Clark, perhaps Undaunted Courage by Stephen E. Ambrose ($), or Lewis and Clark by Dayton Duncan and Ken Burns ($) 
*** A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland Δ by Samuel Johnson ($) 
* Are You Liberal, Conservative, Confused? by Richard Maybury ($) ∫ 
* ** The English Constitution by Walter Bagehot β Δ ($ K)
** Essays (from John Hopkins's Notions on Political Economy) by Jane Haldimand Marcet Δ ∫ 
** Common Sense by Thomas Paine β Δ ($, ) Ω ☊ ∫
*** The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine β Δ ($) ($, )
A basic government book or course 
Additional Options (For more advanced students particularly interested in political history)
Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith β Δ (purchase pt 1 purchase pt 2) Ω
The Federalist Papers by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay β Δ ($) Ω
A Letter to a Noble Lord by Edmund Burke, 1796 (also here)β Δ
Students should have a plan for keeping up with current events. 
For more options, additional list, most of which haven't been read by any of the Advisory, is here.
Shakespeare - Continue with AO's Shakespeare rotation.
The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys by H.E. Marshall ch 1-31 β Δ (K) 
A Student's History of American Literature by William Edward Simond ∫ 
* Isaac Bickerstaff β Δ and Days with Sir Roger De Coverley β Δ by Richard Steele. (Very fun.) ($)
OR The Coverley Papers from the 'Spectator', by Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, and Eustace Budgell, ed. by O. M. Myers β
* Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. β Δ ($ $ K) Ω ☊ ∫ 
* A Tale of a Tub β Δ and Battle of the Books β Δ by Jonathan Swift ($)
** Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia by Samuel Johnson β Δ ($ K) Ω ∫
** She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith β Δ ($) Ω and/or The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith β Δ ($) Ω
** The School for Scandal by Richard Sheridan β Δ ($) Ω
*** The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas; also here β Δ (Unabridged translation by Buss: $ K) ☊ Ω ∫ 
*** Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen β Δ ($ annotated K) Ω ∫ 
*** Faust, Book I by Johann Wolfgang Goethe β Δ ($ K) Ω
* Alexander Pope (1688-1744) 24 notated poems
** William Cowper (1731-1800), and Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784) 25 poems here  .
*** George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824) 23 Poems here; Annotated version of Don Juan
If your student hasn't yet had any formal grammar lessons, use Our Mother Tongue: An Introductory Guide to English Grammar by Nancy Wilson ($ Answer Key: $)  Or Jensen's Grammar ($)
Traditional English Sentence Style by Dr. Robert Einarrson 
The Elements of Style by Strunk and White ($ K) Ω 
Written narrations: 3-5 per week, varying among subjects. Include one written narration from a reading earlier in the week. 
Purchase a good English handbook. 
Optional: Paradigm Online Writing Assistant 
2 Hymns, 2 Bible passages of about 20 verses each and 2 entire Psalms per term. Suggestions: Psalm 23; Isaiah 40; Romans 8 (or Rom 8: 1-17); Matthew 5; James 1; 1 John 1; or choose your own.
Shakespeare - 1 passage from the term's Shakespeare play. 
2 Poems (or 50 lines) from each term's poets
COPYWORK: Include selections from Shakespeare, the Bible, poetry and other sources. These selections may be the same ones used for recitation.
This is a good year to begin a personal quote book.
DICTATION: 2 or 3 pages of studied dictation per week. 
Continue your math program; for some options, see this page.
Keep flower and bird lists of species seen, select a special study for outdoor work, and continue to maintain nature notebooks.
The Handbook of Nature Study Δ by Anna Botsford Comstock ($) ∫ Continue to use as in previous years.
The Land of Little Rain by Mary Austin β Δ ($) Ω OR The Natural History of Selborne by Gilbert White β Δ ($) Ω 
Henri Fabre's works on insect observations ∫ 
Other possibilities: Great Astronomers by Robert S. Ball β Δ 
Continue AO's artist rotation.
Work on drawing skills. Illustrate a scene from reading of your choice once a week, more as desired.
Choose one of these three options: 
The Story of Painting by H. W. Janson ($)  ∫
The History of Art by H. W. Janson ($) 
The Arts by Hendrik Van Loon ($earch)  ∫
Continue AO's composer rotation.
Begin or continue Latin.
Continue with any previous foreign language studies. 
House or garden work, useful crafts, or skill. 
The History of Henry Esmond, Esq., A Colonel in the Service of Her Majesty Queen Anne by William Makepeace Thackeray β Δ ($ K) Ω
Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen β Δ ($) Ω ☊ [Note: Gothic novels such as Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole β Δ ($) Ω and Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe, referred to in Northanger Abbey β Δ ($ K) Ω were quite popular in this time period, and Northanger Abbey is a delicious spoof of the genre. Exposure to these works forms a good backdrop for the works of Scott, Bryon, and Poe.]
A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens β Δ ($) Ω ☊ ∫
The Scarlet Pimpernel by Emmuska Orczy β ($ K) Ω ∫
The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck ($) ∫
The Great Divorce ($ K), The Screwtape Letters ($ K), by C.S. Lewis ∫
Manalive β Δ ($) Ω and/or The Man Who Was Thursday β Δ ($ K) Ω by G.K. Chesterton.
The Little Nugget Ω, Uneasy Money Ω or others by P. G. Wodehouse β Δ (These are only two of what's avialbale online; freely choose any other Wodehouse titles of your choice. ($earch) Ω Some readers may be uncomfortable with the alcohol consumption in his books, a reflection of differing standards of culture and time. Read these for the superb humor and Wodehouse's remarkable knack for simile.)
Sir Gibbie by George MacDonald β Δ ($earch) or other book from this website. Ω
Two Years Before the Mast by Richard Henry Dana β Δ ($ K) Ω ∫
Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog) by Jerome K. Jerome β Δ ($ K) Ω
Scaramouche: A Romance of the French Revolution by Rafael Sabatini β Δ ($) Ω, French Revolution #2 in series
*** An Inquiry Into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathens Δ by William Carey (1792) ($) since he was known as the 'Father of Modern Missions.'
Horatio Hornblower books by C. S. Forester ($earch) Particularly suited for male readers (although we know several women who enjoy them as well). The character Hornblower was inspired by Horatio Lord Nelson, and is noted for his personification of honor, duty and personal integrity. These books are historical fiction accounts of actual battles and incidents in the wars between England, France and Spain during this era. Titles are, in chronological order: Mr. Midshipman Hornblower, Lieutenant Hornblower, Hornblower and The Hotspur, Hornblower and the Atropos, Beat To Quarters, Ship of the Line, Flying Colours, Commodore Hornblower, Lord Hornblower, Admiral Hornblower in the West Indies, and Hornblower During the Crisis.
*** Reflections on the Revolution in France Δ (in vol 3 of his Reflections) by Edmund Burke ($ K) Ω ∫ Sir Walter Scott:
Choose one title for literature and one for free reading from these books by Sir Walter Scott ($earch). If the student has not yet read Rob Roy ($ K) Ω, we suggest that you begin with it.
* The Bride of Lammermoor - East Lothian, 1695 β Δ
* The Pirate - Shetland and Orkney Islands, 1700 Δ
* The Black Dwarf - The Lowlands of Scotland, 1706 (Jacobites) β Δ
** Rob Roy - The Jacobites β Δ
** Heart of Mid-Lothian - Time of George II. (Porteous Riots) β Δ
** Waverley - The Jacobites β Δ Ω
** Redgauntlet - Time of George III. β Δ
** Guy Mannering - Time of George III β Δ
** The Surgeon's Daughter - Fifeshire, Isle of Wight, and India (1780) β Δ
*** The Antiquary - Scotch Manners, last decade of the 18th Century β Δ Ω
*** St. Ronan's Well - Near Firth of Forth, 1812 β Δ
Useful for future reference: A Guide to the Best Historical Novels and Tales by Jonathan Nield
Many thanks to David Hicks, author of Norms and Nobility, for his kind permission to draw from his work and ideas. For more information please see the amazon.com link to the 1999 edition of his book.
The Year 9 "Salad Bar"
This is a collection of some of the best resources for this time period. Even Advisory members aren't able to cover all of these with every single one of their own students and have to be selective. Feel free to pick and choose from among these suggestions. The best choice may just be the book you already own, and the one from which your student can narrate.
Year 9 marks a transition for both parent and child in terms of effort, involvement, content and goals. High school is hard work. Students should be encouraged to approach it as though it's their first full-time job, and parents must remain involved -- even as the child is maturing toward independence and becoming capable of taking over some of the decision making and record keeping. Some students already have specific career goals in mind that can be integrated into their school work, while college bound students will need to tailor their studies to meet university admissions requirements. In short, Year 9 ushers in a new phase of life and school for everyone involved. It's an exciting time that can and should be enjoyed! (Read about high school credits here.)
Now for a word about books, and the design of Year 9 . . .
Selecting the best books is a challenge that increases with each successive school year. High school students are journeying across the bridge into adulthood, and the books they should read at this level reflect the adult world. While previewing the content of mountains of books for the AO/HEO high school years, we've been constantly aware that we cannot predict how far across that bridge other people's children may be. Families vary greatly in their views on sheltering, protecting and preparing for adulthood, so it would be futile for us to attempt to be the censor or guardian (the bridge troll?) for all Ambleside Online scholars. We set a very high standard for AO/HEO materials, and we've gone the extra mile and beyond to create and provide a Year 9 prototype that reflects excellence. However, by no means do we claim to have done all the work for you! It remains the homeschool parent's job, most particularly on the high school level, to assume full responsibility for matching your child's sensitivities and sensibilities and your family's standards with the books you select for study.
In the booklist shown here, we've offered a few notes on potential concerns in certain books, but it goes without saying that we have not noted every potential concern in every book. Please understand that the absence of a comment does not mean the absence of anything your particular family might find offensive or inappropriate.
For these and other reasons, the AO/HEO high school Years are designed not as a single curriculum list (like the preceding Years), but rather as what we fondly call the HEO "Salad Bar" approach. In many subject areas, we offer a variety of options for you to choose among (or you may substitute your own). The final product will be your design. Those who still prefer the comfort of a single booklist may simply select "Option One" where options are presented.
We feel that this Year 9 book list is in keeping with Charlotte Mason's principles, but it isn't the only possible way to "do" CM in high school. You are free to use it en toto, piecemeal, or simply as an example to consider.
To arrive at the best high school plan for your child, expect to burn some midnight oil, dig a little more than you did to prepare for the younger grades, and make more personal choices. You should budget time over a few weeks to focus on previewing and selecting books. Look on the bright side: you'll emerge from this process more conversant and familiar with the era and books your student is about to cover -- and discussion is so vital for students in the upper grades. You'll also be more sympathetic to your hardworking young scholar!
As you devise your own Year 9 curriculum, whether using our book suggestions or your own substitute titles, it's useful to keep a page count in mind. Charlotte Mason's students covered approximately 1600-2000 pages in a term by Year 9, using about 40 different books. This loose guideline will help you gauge whether your own academic load is in keeping with Miss Mason's.
Before beginning these upper years, please do yourself one very smart favor: zealously pursue some teacher preparation time for yourself. It's a little investment that will pay you back double every single school day. We suggest you read (or reread) volume 6 of Charlotte Mason's six volume set. Volume 5 may also be helpful to you. Both are available online, as free e-texts. You'll also find it useful to scan the sample Programmes from Miss Mason's own PNEU school, which are linked from the AmblesideOnline homepage. Forms III and IV are the ones relevant to Year 9. You'll find a wealth of helpful articles at Ambleside Online, so plan to spend a few evenings exploring the site. It's also helpful to have on hand a good current book on homeschooling through high school. And you'll find terrific support on the AO Forum -- please join and participate!
Blessings to you, and happy high schooling!
The Advisory (Back to top of page)
Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text. (Back)
1. Continue AO's plan (6 years through the Bible in Years 6-11, leaving Song of Solomon and Revelation for Year 12), or follow a plan of your own preference. AO's plan schedules the following for this year:
Term 1: 2 Kings; Mark; Psalms1-20 ; Proverbs 17-21
Term 2: 1 Chronicles; Acts 1-21; Psalms 21-37; Proverbs 22-26
Term 3: 2 Chronicles, Obadiah, Jonah; Acts 22-28, James, Galatians; Psalms 38-55; Proverbs 27-31
Resources: Study questions with maps; Bible Maps; Bible timeline.
Charlotte Mason had her students reading a commentary. We suggest you use what fits best with your family's belief system, keeping in mind that this year should be a bit meatier than previous years. One option is Matthew Henry's commentary. ($). Encyclopedia of Bible Truths, 4 Volumes, by Ruth C. Haycock (purchase from CBD)
Other commentaries are available at Christian Classics Ethereal Library. (Back)
2. Saints and Heroes is an option for church history if you didn't use Trial and Triumph in Years 1-6
Term 1: (Vol 2) ch 13 Fox-ch 14 Wesley
Term 2: none
Term 3: none (Back)
3. Christian Life by Sinclair Ferguson, 1996, non-fluff, sound summary of the doctrines of Christian theology. (Back)
4. The God Who is There by Francis Schaeffer is among the foremost apologetic works of the twentieth century. (Back)
5. History: We do not wish to appear to imply that a full and complete study of American History is mandatory for non-Americans. Because of the influence the US has had on world events, we do believe that some understanding of the histories of England and the US is necessary for everybody; however, the depth of that coverage is an individual choice. Students from other countries should have a more thorough exposure to their own national history than our suggested options offer, and we encourage all AO/HEO users to seek excellent books on their own history and heritage. However, as we lack the resources and time to choose histories for other countries, we leave this responsibility to our foreign users. Please be bold in making the curriculum fit your own needs. (Back)
6. Truthquest: Many AO/HEO parents find Truthquest to be a tremendous help for enriching discussion of the big picture of history with their children. Somewhat reminiscent of the kinds of lesson preparation materials Charlotte Mason provided her PNEU teachers, they may be used to supplement whichever history books you choose. Truthquest Ages of Revolution Guides I ($) and II ($) fit the time period of Year 9. For more information see their website. (Back)
7. Century Chart: Continue to add entries to your Book of the Centuries. Instructions for making your own are included in these Parents' Review articles:
Book of the Centuries
The Correlation of Lessons (Back)
8. A book you might find helpful for reference while studying this era (both for yourself as a teacher, and for your student to use): The Cambridge History of English and American Literature (An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes), Volume XI: English, The Period of the French Revolution. Δ (Back)
9. The Age of Revolution is Volume 3 of Winston Churchill's 4 volume set, "A History of the English Speaking Peoples." These volumes are used across Years 7-10. Americans and those who desire a more accurate picture of the American Revolution (which is covered in Term 2) may prefer another option, or at least an additional option. One option would be to use the Churchill book alone for terms 1 and 3, and substitute an American history book to be used alone for term 2.
Term 1: ch 1 William of Orange - ch 6 Treaty of Utrechte
Term 2: ch 7 The House of Hanover - ch 15 The Indian Empire
Term 3: ch 16 The Younger Pitt - ch 25 Elba and Waterloo
Don't get the one edited by Henry Steele Commager, as it's abridged. If you can figure out how to use this, this book is online in audio For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for A History of the English Speaking Peoples here. (Back)
10. Oxford Book of American History by Samuel Eliot Morison: Factual, detailed, scholarly. Year 9 students would read roughly pages 140-400, a total of 260 pages (86 pages per term, about 7.2 pages per week). (Back)
11. A History of the American People by Paul Johnson: An easier read than Morison (more engaging), perhaps more editorial in places. Juicier than either Churchill or Morison. Very enthusiastically pro-American. Year 9 students would read approximately pages 79-269/279.
Term 1: pg 79-117
Term 2: pg 121-184
Term 3: 184-279 (Back)
12. A Basic History of the United States by Clarence B. Carson. Carson, a history professor, has a scholarly tone, and approaches his topic from a libertarian, probably Christian, point of view.
This set is available on cassette from www.blackstoneaudio.com; they offer a considerable discount to homeschoolers (order by phone for discount.) Year 9 students would roughly use volume 1, pages 79-165; and volume 2, pages 1-201, which leaves only about 4 pages more of the book. (In Volume 1, Carson forays into some topics that range from Year 8's time period to the middle of Year 9's, such as general overviews of the development of culture and thinking, and tracing the development of ideas and events. This makes it a bit harder to assign pages in these chapters that fit precisely in the Year 9 time period. However, the material is still valuable.) There is an appendix including such historical documents as The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, Washington's Farewell Address, Jefferson's Inaugural Address, and The Monroe Doctrine. (Back)
13. The Story of America by Hendrik Van Loon: Contains some of Van Loon's usual anti-Christian sentiments and snide asides that readers have noted in his Story of Mankind, but also offers his usual engaging writing style. Year 9 students would read approximately pages 86-224, more or less. (Back)
14. The Salem Witch Trials were a blight on our history, but the fact remains that they stand out because of the rarity of witchcraft executions in the Colonies, and their comparatively late date (although Switzerland executed a witch in 1892). In the Colonies, 40 people were executed for witchcraft, half of them in the Salem Trials, and one of the key judges later repented and expressed his deep sorrow for his role in the executions. In England, there were nearly a thousand witchcraft trials from 1552 to 1722, and roughly a quarter of those ended in executions. Scotland tried nearly 2,000 in the same period, and even Switzerland had nearly 400 witchcraft trials in this period with nearly a quarter of the accused executed. Southwestern Germany executed some 3,000 during the same time period. Here is another perspective (Back)
16. Chesterfield's "Letters to His Son" offer an interesting window into the culture, customs, and thoughts of the time. 488 pages, choose selections. (Back)
17. Michael Medved has done some absolutely riveting radio programs where he shares spellbinding accounts of Revolutionary War battles. Well worth hearing. Single programs are about 12 dollars each (or $10 for mp3 download). You can order the entire set of 25 CD's for $225 or 2 mp3-CD's for $115. (Back)
18. "Liberty! The American Revolution" is a painstakingly accurate and gripping 6 hour documentary produced by PBS, which covers events from 1763-1788. Includes commentary from scholars and historians, and draws heavily from period journals, letters and source documents. Battle scenes recreated on location with Revolutionary War re-enactors. Excellent acting and period music -- clearly conveys a sense of the times, the force of personalities, the ideas that drove events, and the progression of the battles. Descriptions of each episode can be found here. Check libraries. (A video series is something of a departure for Ambleside/HEO, and not a recommendation we would ordinarily make, but this one is unusually well done.) (Back)
19. Patrick Henry's famous 'Give me liberty or give me death' speech prepared Virginia for war against the Mother Country. (Back)
20. "John Wesley Denounces the Doctrine of Predestination," also known as "Free Grace," provides a theological contrast to Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." (Back)
21. Miracle at Philadelphia: Very readable, fascinating account of the Constitutional Convention. A classic. (Back)
22. "The Invasion of Canada" provides an interesting concurrent study of the War of 1812. (Back)
23. Speech by William Wilberforce In the book "A Treasury of the World's Great Speeches," (online; $) this is listed as "William Pitt the Younger Indicts the Slave Trade and Foresees a Liberated Africa" April 2, 1792. We've been unable to find this online. We suggest that a book of famous speeches such as the above treasury ought to be in every homeschool library. [An AO user found a book of Pitt's speeches here. Scroll down to the African Slave Trade speech (p363), and click on it. The speech starts half way down page 363 and is listed as April 2nd 1792, not April 3rd. Or, you can download a Word/.odt document of this speech.] Ω (Back)
24. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation is a small paperback (248 pages) that won the Pulitzer in 2002, and thus should be in every public library. From the back of the book: "Through an analysis of six fascinating episodes -- Hamilton and Burr's deadly duel, Washington's precedent-setting Farewell Address [does not contain the text of it, but rather puts it in context], Adams' administration and political partnership with his wife, the debate about where to place the capitol, Franklin's attempt to force Congress to confront the issue of slavery, and Madison's attempts to block him, and Jefferson and Adams famous correspondence -- Founding Brothers brings to life the vital issues and personalities from the most important decade in our nation's history."(Back)
25. Whether you assign only one biography of an American this year, or multiple biographies (see recommendations below) we strongly recommend that you include a very good biography of George Washington. Here are some to consider:
Founding Father -- Rediscovering George Washington by Richard Brookhiser ($). Written as a moral biography after the tradition of Plutarch. Many modern biographies of Washington are plagued with revisionism, while some earlier biographies treat him with such iconic, reverent distance that he remains out of reach and never comes to life for the reader. This book avoids both flaws. 200 pages, in print.
The Student's Life of Washington by Washington Irving β Δ ($). (Irving, who met Washington as a small boy, wrote a 740 page four volume biography which is available in condensed form -- perhaps the condensed version is the Student's Life linked? A very literary read. One note: Irving was aging toward the end of the work and as such the coverage of Washington's life from the presidency through his death is a bit thinner than the earlier chapters of the work. Regardless, a good choice.)
Washington: The Indispensible Man by James Thomas Flexner, winner of a Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. ($) A favorite among Washington biography enthusiasts, and considered by many to be the best work on his life. For an above average student, or one with a keen interest in Washington or the Revolutionary era. One note: according to one reviewer, Flexner makes the odd (and arguably insupportable) suggestion that Washington was a deist. 402 pages, in print.
The Life of George Washington by David Ramsay, 1807. Δ ($) Written eight years after Washington's death, this is one of the few online biographies of GW. Approximately 368 pages. Drier and more archaic in style than other titles here.
[Note: Albert Marrin's bio of Washington is not included here because of its darker tone and possible inaccuracies.]
110 Rules of Civility ($ K) ∫ Not a biography, rather an interesting and instructive supplement to a study of Washington. Great source for copywork. Multiple websites; search for a version that best suits your purposes. (Back)
27. John Adams and the American Revolution by Catherine Drinker Bowen: also excellent, slightly less detailed. 698 pages. (Back)
28. Marie Antoinette and Her Son: Creates a mood of sympathy for Marie Antoinette and her family. 544 pages (Back)
29. Napoleon Bonaparte by John S. C. Abbott: this is a single-volume book (not to be confused with the much longer multi-volume The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, or The History of Napoleon Bonaparte, by the same author) which has portions missing in all its online texts (paperback reprints may have used the same Project Gutenberg text and be missing the same pages).
Another option: The Story of Napoleon by H.E. Marshall Δ ($ K) is a possibility, although written for younger children. (Back)
30. Biographies: Choose from the listed options or topics, or substitute your own. We suggest no more than 3-5 biographies over the year, depending on the length of your selections. (Back)
31. The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson: Nine chapters. Lord Nelson appears in Churchill's Trafalgar chapter (week 30). 179 pages. (Back)
32. Life of Johnson: The famous, classic biography of the English author Samuel Johnson by James Boswell. Ω Included in Encyclopedia Brittanica's Great Books of the Western World, Volume 44. The online version says "abridged and edited" but you may want to edit further for length. Also here. OR choose the Penguin Classics edition of this book, edited by Christopher Hibbard, the shortest edition in print at 300 pages ($). Available at www.bn.com or from used booksellers. The Introduction to this edition may warrant parental preview. (Back)
33. The suggestions are matched to the time period for Year 9. If you wish your geography to be more current, select from our page of geography options. (The 36-week schedule uses The Royal Road to Romance by Richard Halliburton ($), and Walking the Bible by Bruce Feiler ($ K). (Back)
34. A book about the Lewis & Clark Expedition - Two suggestions are Undaunted Courage by Stephen E. Ambrose ($), and Lewis and Clark by Dayton Duncan and Ken Burns ($). ** Preview any other titles, as many books about Lewis and Clark's journey contain graphic material. (Back)
35. A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland is currently in print, approximately 133 pages (will vary by edition). This book also goes under the title "A Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland." (Back)
Geography. Geosafari (available now on CD-rom) would be sufficient. ($ purchase basic geography card set) SeterraOnline offers Free Map Quiz Games. If you have an iPad or iPhone, TapQuiz is a free map quiz app. (Back)
36. Maps: Many countries have a tourism department, and writing to their embassies for free brochures, maps, and other travel information might be an inexpensive way to supplement geography studies. Also, see our notes about The World and I under current events. This is a rich resource for this purpose also. (Back)
38. Five entertaining illustrations of how legislated financial equality, wage fixing, supply and demand and welfare play out, using chapters titled A Fairy Tale, Patty's Marriage, The Treacherous Friend and The Wedding Gown. (Back)
39. This link includes both The Rights of Man and Common Sense in a single volume. (Back)
40. Government: High School students will need to earn credit for basic government. This material can be done in Year 9, 10, 11 or 12. Some options: The Everything American Government Book by Nick Ragone; a schedule is here. ($ K).
Exploring Government Curriculum Package By Ray Notgrass (purchase from CBD)
The Story of the Constitution (Book & Cd Rom) by Alpha Omega Publications and Christian Liberty Press
This 10-minute YouTube video presents a clear explanation of the difference between a republic based on law, and a democracy based on majority rule. (Back)
41. Ourselves: approximately 22 pages per term. This book will continue through all the remaining years of AO/HEO curriculum. This is the 4th volume of Mason's 6 Volume Series. This year: pages 131-210 of Book 1.
Also available in a modern English paraphrase that can be read online or purchased. (K) The paraphrase of Book I, Self-Knowledge, the first half of Volume 4, can be purchased as a separate paperback book.
Term 1: Book 1 pg 131-155
Term 2: Book 1 pg 156-178
Term 3: Book 1 pg 179-210 (Back)
43. The Four Loves: A candid and wise reflection on the four basic kinds of love, by a most perceptive Christian writer. As the teen years begin, it's quite natural for thoughts to turn to love and relationship issues. At this pivotal stage, gaining a Biblical understanding of the different types of love is of inestimable benefit, and can spare much confusion and heartache. A deep, important book that should be read and discussed with a parent. "The only place outside of Heaven where you can be perfectly safe from all the dangers and perturbations of love is Hell." -- Lewis. 140 pages, currently in print. (Back)
44. Charlotte Mason had students at this level read the daily news and keep a calendar of events. We suggest students choose the most important 2 or 3 stories of the week and re-write them in their own words as a chronicle of the year, making the heading of each page something like "This Week in History, September 1st, 2003." Parents: pre-read and filter current events materials (on the web, or in print) as necessary, due to the potential for coverage and topics of an explicit nature, even from conservative sources. We've listed some possible options here.
Blogs as a media form have rapidly overtaken hard-copy publications. News is being reported there, in some cases, faster and more accurately than other, older media forms. Students should learn about them, find one they trust, and check it regularly. However, we recommend that parents first become familiar with blogs and visit the one(s) their children will frequent. We suggest several poliblogs here, but parents should know that not every message on these blogs will be 'child-friendly' and often have ads that include scantily clad women. Also, most blogs link to a multitude of other blogs and sites that may not be child-friendly.
Comments posted on blogs can be considered a new media equivalent of a letter to the editor, and students should learn how to communicate well on blogs. (Back)
44a. Miss Mason directed students at this level to keep a Common-place Book for passages that strike them particularly; to learn a hundred lines of poetry; and to be able to give some account of what they have read in each book, with sketches of the chief characters. (Back)
45. The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys: $ from Kelly Kenar, who typed this e-text for the use of AO/HEO. Postage at lulu.com is automatically set to UPS ground which is expensive, but you can choose media mail which is substantially cheaper. (If you purchase this book, we request that you purchase from the link provided, as other publishers' reprints of this book have used Kelly's hand-typed etext.) This year: Chapters 60-73, on Dryden, Defoe, Swift, Addison, Steele, Pope, Johnson, Goldsmith, Burns, and Cowper.
Term 1: ch 60 (Dryden) - ch 66 (Dick Steele)
Term 2: ch 67 (Pope) - ch 72 (Burns)
Term 3: ch 73 (Cowper) (Back)
46. Student's History of American Literature by William Edward Simond: Year 9 - Increase and Cotton Mather from Chapter 1, and all of Chapter 2. (We're hoping to find a better resource for American literature.) (Back)
47. Gulliver's Travels: Skip chapter 5 in Part II, on Gulliver's visit to Brobdinnag, the land of the Giants. Also be aware that towards the end of the first chapter, the miniscule Gulliver is repulsed by the sight of a giantess nursing her child. (Back)
48. The Count of Monte Cristo: A must-read but very long -- plan accordingly. Possibly carry through summer break. Count of Monte Cristo overlaps the time periods of Years 9 and 10, so reading it through the summer will have the benefit of sustaining the flavor of the appropriate time period until the beginning of Year 10. (Back)
49. Pride and Prejudice: Please do not assume this to be a "girl book" -- essential, thought-provoking reading for everybody, and widely enjoyed by many males in our acquaintance. (Back)
50. The Roar on the Other Side: If your student has not already read this in Year 8, schedule it now. You can get a suggested idea of how to schedule it by looking at Year 8's 36-week schedule. (Back)
51. William Cowper is important as the voice of the Evangelical revival; Phillis Wheatley, the slave poet. "Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and sold at a slave auction at age seven to a prosperous Boston family who educated her and treated her as a family member. Rescued from an otherwise hopeless situation by the sympathies of the Wheatley family, Phillis learned English with remarkable speed . . ." Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
52. Oxford book of English Verse: (Project Gutenberg has the book with a different title β $) This is a poetry anthology Charlotte Mason used; excellent (a classic!), and online in a searchable format. Which version?
* Begin with the poet Thomas D'Urfey and read through to Thomas Parnell. This is approximately 40 poems, or about 3 to 4 per week.
** Begin with Allan Ramsay and read through to the poet William Cowper. This is approximately 37 poems, or about 3 per week.
*** Begin with James Beattie and read through to the poet Henry Rowe This is approximately 3 poems per week.
[Of course, this option means there will be no poets outside the UK for Year 9, so you may wish to supplement with poets of your own country.] Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
53. Representative Poetry Online: Follow this time-line of English Poetry and do an anthology of sorts this term. This option is a little more complicated to adjust for your personal use, but it does include British, Canadian and American poets. Select "timeline." The poets for year 9 are the Augustans (scroll down to the year 1688 for the Augustans) and the Romantics. (Note: Some firewalls may block access to this link - just a technical glitch. In that case, go here then click on "e-Books" to access the search field. Type in "Representative Poetry". From that page, choose "timeline" and you'll be in the right place.) Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
54. Our Mother Tongue: This book has 49 chapters. One suggestion is to spread the book over two years, doing about 9 chapters per term. OR, if you have Jensen's Grammar ($), work through that this year. (Back)
55. Dr. Robert Einarrson's Grammar Handouts that Karen Glass so highly recommended have been replaced with a free downloadable textbook and workbook called Traditional English Sentence Style and teaches grammar through literature. This is an excellent book and should be used for students who have already completed Our Mother Tongue or Jensen's. It "promises not only to teach you about grammar, but also to show you the 'grammar secrets' of some of the great writers of English." Details are here (Back)
56. The Elements of Style by Strunk and White: the print version is preferred over online etext. (Back)
57. AO's Language Arts Scope and Sequence for this level is here. Assign 3 to 5 written narrations each week, varying the assignments among subjects, and assigning some narrations to be written from readings done earlier in the week. For example: On Tuesdays, the student would read the scheduled Literature, news of the week, historical or allegorical subjects, etc. Then on Thursdays, the student would write a narration of one of those readings. Narration can be done in many ways: poetic, in answer to an essay-style question, straight narration, narration in letter-writing form, and many other creative ways. Write verses (perhaps using metre of poems set for this term) on current events and characters in the term's reading, upon heroic deeds, or on seasonal scenes. Write Narrative poems on striking events. (Back)
59. Paradigm Online Writing Assistant: Karen Glass: Paradigm Online Writing Assistant is a whole online free course about writing four kinds of essays. I haven't explored the whole thing, but I like what I've seen so far. This is the link to the section on writing a support essay. At the top of the page, you can see the progression of the whole course. (Back)
60. Bartlett's Familiar Quotations is a helpful tool for looking for quotable sections from various plays of Shakespeare, especially quotes from the various plays which appear in various other literature. Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th edition, is online (in html and text here.) Note: To get the list of plays from the Bartlett's Familiar Quotations page, try selecting 1) the Author index, then select 2) the Shakespeare entry, which should provide a list of quotations from the first play in the list; and then try selecting 3) Shakespeare's name above the quotations. This last step should bring you to an index of the plays, not just the list of quotations. Or, you may go directly to the play needed from the Shakespeare play index. (Back)
61. Dictation: The student studies two or three pages of dictation material per week, from which the teacher dictates several paragraphs or sections. Students should have the opportunity to study the passage carefully for spelling, punctuation and form before they are required to write it from dictation. At this level, you may wish for your student to alternate between taking dictation in the traditional way by hand, and with a word processor (an added benefit here is the spellchecker function, which can be a useful teaching tool and actually functions in a manner complementary to CM's spelling methods.)
Dictation selections may be drawn from sources such as the term's prose, poetry and Bible readings. You may also occasionally choose to assign selections from well-written journalism sources to exemplify a more technical and factual style of writing. However, choose carefully as newspapers and magazines are often poorly written. Examples of worthy sources might include World Magazine, and columnists such as Peggy Noonan, William F. Buckley, William Raspberry, Charles Krauthammer, Cal Thomas, George Will, and Thomas Sowell, most of whom are accessible from www.drudgereport.com (site will need screening by parent; daily entries are increasingly and disturbingly non-family-friendly). Another good resource for exemplary journalism is http://www.opinionjournal.com from the Wall Street Journal. Writers from these sources are prolific and skilled at the craft of writing. The New Yorker magazine is known for being expertly written and edited, but may require parental previewing.
You may also select among these essays for dictation work. These provide a good starting point for the essay form of writing. After two or three terms of studying Lamb's essays, students should be prepared to tackle writing essays on subjects they choose. One possible usage is to have students read an essay on Monday, outline it on Tuesday, rewrite it from their outline on Wednesday, and polish up that rough draft on Thursday.
Note: In PNEU's Form III, a paragraph was dictated; in Form IV, selections were occasionally written from memory. You might occasionally assign the student's mastered recitation work for the dictation lesson. (Back)
62. Apologia science materials by Dr. Jay Wile ($earch). Read the suggested course sequencing at http://www.apologia.com/store/ to determine what will work best for the needs of your student, based on interest and math level. If a student missed out on the Ambleside science selections and nature study rotation, General Science should be considered as a starting point with Apologia materials; otherwise start with Physical Science. Read through Jay Wile's website, especially "course sequencing" to see what will work best for the needs of your student based on interest and math level. If financial resources are a concern, any of their science courses may easily be stretched to two years.
Another possible option: BJU Press Science, which schedules Physical (basic) science in 9th grade, Biology in 10th grade, Chemistry in 11th grade, and Physics in 12th grade. The Advisory has not used this yet. Some have recommended BJU Biology, Apologia Chemistry and Apologia Physics. (Back)
63. Microbe Hunters: This is a collection of science biographies. Year 9: the chapter on Leeuwenhook and chapter 2 on Spallanzani. The remaining chapters will be split between Years 10 and 11. Since only 2 chapters are used In Year 9, you may opt to assign some chapters from the Great Astronomers book, below, in other terms. (Back)
64. The Land of Little Rain or The Natural History of Selborne: Spread either book over all three terms. (Back)
65. Henri Fabre: choose any one of these; many of these are online at Project Gutenberg; Fabre texts with photos)
Select one of the following Fabre works from the above link:
Bramble-Bees and Others Δ
The Life of the Caterpillar Δ
The Life of the Fly, With Which Are Interspersed Some Chapters of Autobiography Δ
The Mason-Bees Δ
More Hunting Wasps Δ
The Wonders of Instinct: Chapters in the Psychology of Insects Δ
The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles Δ
Social Life in the Insect World Δ (Back)
66. Great Astronomers: this is the science option that appears in the 36-week schedule. (Back)
67. How to Read a Book: be sure to get the revised edition. Read only Part 1 the first year, Part 2 the second year, Part 3 the third year. (This book continues into Year 10). This breaks down to five chapters for the year, seven weeks to get through each chapter. This is slow, but this material is weighty and should give much material for reflection and discussion. Note: The revised version was written by both Mortimer J. Adler And Chares Van Doren. If Van Doren is not a co-writer, it's the older book. It was revised in 1972, but later books may not be called "revised." The version to use has five chapters in part 1; 7 chapters in part 2; 7 chapters in part 3; and two chapters in part 4. The unrevised edition may have fewer parts. (Back)
68. Love is a Fallacy: An amusing short story which manages to entertain while instructing in some of the basic rhetorical fallacies. (Back)
69. Art options: Parents may wish to screen all options for nudity. (Back)
70. Jansen's Story of Painting: The Chapter titled "Towards Revolution," terms 1 and 2; and the first few pages of the section titled The Age of Machines. Stop at the paragraph ending "Here, then, you see the beginning of the split between artist and public that still persists today." (Back)
71. Jansen's History of Art: Begin around The Rococo, and include portions of the chapter "Neoclassicism and Romanticism." (Back)
72. The Arts by Hendrik Van Loon: this book is OOP (out of print), but worthy of an exception to our usual exclusion of OOP books from the curriculum. Begin with either chapter 40 (which overlaps year 8 and 9) or chapter 41 and read through to chapter 48. (Back)
73. Foreign Folk Songs: Charlotte Mason did 3 in French and 3 in German. (Back)
74. English Folk Songs: you may choose to continue the Folk Song rotation at Ambleside Online; as well as the Ambleside rotation for Hymns each term. Carols would do for the Winter term. Work on each song about 4 weeks. Folksongs which are particularly appropriate selections for the Year 9 time frame include:
The Skye Boat Song arrangement 2 (also on YouTube
The Ballad of the Green Mountaineers According to one book, it's actually a poem written in his youth by John Greenleaf Whittier, so it postdates the Revolutionary War. YouTube. An alternative would be The Yankee Privateer YouTube
Yankee Doodle historical - More info here in a popup link
The Water is Wide
Johnny Has Gone For a Soldier YouTube
Robert Burns' poetry and music fit this era; one of his many songs is A Man's a Man For a' That (You'll have to click to the alternate lyrics linked on that page to hear the midi.)
Other Scottish folks songs arranged chronologically, including a large collection of Burns' songs. (Back)
75. Charlotte Mason's students were learning three languages at this level. A good English/foreign language dictionary is also recommended.
You might find that your foreign language studies cover enough grammar to be counted as English Grammar as well. (Back)
76. One Advisory suggestion: For routine fitness, Living Arts' Pilates videos/DVD's offer a challenging but enjoyable 30 minute mat workout that will benefit the entire family. Instructor Ana Caban gives clear and concise verbal cues that even young children can follow with a little guidance (even a 3 yob! ;-) and the background music is neither loud nor distracting. Start with the Beginning Mat Workout video/DVD ($), which explains the basics, before advancing to the Intermediate Mat Workout ($). Another suggestion: Leslie Sansone's Walking DVD's: Start! Walking ($), Walk Away the Pounds ($).
Learn and play a game (kick ball, tennis, croquet, ping-pong, bocce ball, softball, racquetball, volleyball, soccer, etc.) or take up hiking, swimming, folk-dancing, hula dancing, clogging, Scottish dancing, Irish dancing (purchase Celtic Feet VHS Original Best DVD) or pursue other physical activity of your choice. (Back)
77. Nutrition: You may wish to consider books by Shonda Parker ($earch), a Christian homeschooling mother and certified herbalist.
Nutrition and Physical Degeneration by Weston A. Price ($)
The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals by Michael Pollan ($)
Folks, This Ain't Normal: A Farmer's Advice for Happier Hens, Healthier People, and a Better World by Joel Salatin ($) (Back)
79. Work and Life Skills: Charlotte Mason had students do house or garden work, make Christmas presents, pursue useful crafts, sew, cook, and learn first aid. She also suggested that the student help darn and mend garments from the wash each week and sew for charity (serving at a soup kitchen would also work). We suggest that over the course of high school, your student might do the following (a rough guideline would be to choose about three of these per year for the next four years):
Learn to cook using a basic cookery book such as Joy of Cooking ($), Better Homes and Gardens New Cookbook ($), The Cook's Illustrated How-to Cook Library (K), Mark Bittman's How to Cook Everything ($ K), one of Sue Gregg's cookbooks ($earch), or whatever you have on hand.
Learn CPR and first aid (This can also be counted for Health.)
Learn to balance a checking account
Learn to read a map
Read a book about Small Engine Repair
Take a course in Driver's Ed
Work with an Election Campaign
Learn to garden and/or yard care
Change a flat tire
Use jumper cables
Pump gas, change the oil and plugs on a car
Make some simple furniture
Lay a tile floor
Paint a room
Some basic home repair and maintenance
The Walls Around Us by David Owen ($) is a well-written book about how our houses are built, but it needs some previewing or parental editing.
Miss Mason frequently recommended Scouting tests (Parents' Review, May 1920) and said that all girls should take the First Aid and Housecraft Tests. We suggest that all students learn CPR and First Aid. Scouting or 4-H are other options to consider.
DOMESTIC SCIENCE OPTIONS:
Home Comforts: The Art and Science of Keeping House by Cheryl Mendelson (excellent resource for all homes) ($)
The Hidden Art of Homemaking by Edith Schaeffer ($) ∫
Do I Dust or Vacuum First? by Don Aslett ($)
books by Emilie Barnes ($)
Get More Done in Less Time by Donna Otto ($)
Speed Cleaning by Jeff Campbell ($)
Who Says it's a Woman's Job to Clean? by Don Aslett ($)
(These last two may be particularly useful with boys.)
Books by Larry Burkett ($; K) or Dave Ramsey ($earch)
The Tightwad Gazette books by Amy Dacyczyn ($) (Back)
Last update Oct 15, 2006
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