History studied in Year 8/9: Renaissance, Reformation, French and American revolutions
Term 1: 1640-1688; Term 2: 1688-1776; Term 3: 1777-1815
Table of Contents:
BIBLE AND CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY
GOVERNMENT AND ECONOMICS
GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION
LIFE AND WORK SKILLS
We strongly suggest including these:
and Year 9:
This booklist should be doable for an AO student; however, if you need to lighten it up, consider doing these three books (one from the literature section of each term) as free reading using audio versions: Westward Ho, Gulliver's Travels, Pride and Prejudice. The Year 8 and Year 9 regular booklists should be consulted for additional free reading material.
Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text. Librivox free audio is done by volunteers, and some are better than others. Forgotten Classics has a list of some favorite Librivox readers. (Back)
2. Saints and Heroes is an option for church history if you didn't use Trial and Triumph in Years 1-6. For this year, read Fox, Wesley, Laud, Cromwell, Bunyan). (Back)
4. Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a Century Chart and Book of Centuries. Students at this level in the PNEU schools made summaries of dates and events, referred to maps as they read their history, and made century charts. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($). (Back)
6. The New World and Age of Revolution are Volumes 2 and 3 of Winston Churchill's 4 volume set, "A History of the English Speaking Peoples." The final volume will be used in Year 10. Don't get the one edited by Henry Steele Commager, as it's abridged. For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for all 4 volumes of A History of the English Speaking Peoples.
Term 1: The New World Chapter 15-26
Term 2: Age of Revolution Chapter 1-13
Term 3: Age of Revolution Chapter 14-25
Alternately, you could use A History of England by Arnold-Forster in Term 1, online at archive.org, Google Books; a schedule for Years 7/8 and the first term of 8/9 is here. Later chapters have a colonialist flavor and are not scheduled. (Back)
8. A Coffin for King Charles was also published under the title The Trial of Charles I in England. Weeks 21-36 (Back)
10. Diary of Samuel Pepys: List member Sarah Bruce has kindly compiled an excerpted copy with his account of the Great Fire. Charlotte Mason used parts of this book. Pepys gives a great first-hand account of the Great Fire. However, this needs editing both for length but also because Pepys was wretchedly honest about his sordid behavior, details of which really aren't appropriate for young people to read. His entries for April 22 and 23 have to do with the coronation of Charles II and may be useful. If you wish to read the entire diary, it is available online: The Diary of Samuel Pepys β ($) excerpted copy of (the part detailing The Plague and The Great Fire) and excerpts from his entries on the plague. (Back)
12. Salem witch trial transcript: These links are suggested; feel free to choose more (or to choose differently):
Letter From Rev. John Higginson to His Son Nathaniel Higginson
Letter of Deodat Lawson
Court testimony of Sarah Bibber
Court testimony of Mary Osgood
Letter To John Foster
Notable people: Tituba
Optional: these links from the same website might be added:
Trial transcripts: John Alden
Letters of Governor William Phipps
Petitions from Relatives of Prisoners (scroll down same page)
Laws Passed (scroll down same page)
Reversal of Attainder and Rest (sampling) (scroll down same page)
There's a brief article with linked names here.
The Salem Witch Trials were a blight on our history, but the fact remains that they stand out because of the rarity of witchcraft executions in the Colonies, and their comparatively late date (although Switzerland executed a witch in 1892). In the Colonies, 40 people were executed for witchcraft, half of them in the Salem Trials, and one of the key judges later repented and expressed his deep sorrow for his role in the executions. In England, there were nearly a thousand witchcraft trials from 1552 to 1722, and roughly a quarter of those ended in executions. Scotland tried nearly 2,000 in the same period, and even Switzerland had nearly 400 witchcraft trials in this period with nearly a quarter of the accused executed. Southwestern Germany executed some 3,000 during the same time period.
If you prefer a book option: The Witchcraft of Salem Village by Shirley Jackson (a Landmark book; $ K) (Back)
16. Speech by William Wilberforce In the book "A Treasury of the World's Great Speeches," (online; $) this is listed as "William Pitt the Younger Indicts the Slave Trade and Foresees a Liberated Africa" April 2, 1792. We've been unable to find this online. We suggest that a book of famous speeches such as the above treasury ought to be in every homeschool library. [An AO user found a book of Pitt's speeches here. Scroll down to the African Slave Trade speech (p363), and click on it. The speech starts half way down page 363 and is listed as April 2nd 1792, not April 3rd. Or, you can download a Word/.odt document of this speech.] Ω (Back)
20. George Washington: If you need an online option: The Life of George Washington by David Ramsay ($)
The Student's Life of Washington by Washington Irving β Δ
There's a briefer but good section in James Baldwin's Four Great Americans.) (Back)
22. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation is a modest-sized paperback (248 pages) that won the Pulitzer in 2002, and thus should be in every public library. From the back of the book: "Through an analysis of six fascinating episodes -- Hamilton and Burr's deadly duel, Washington's precedent-setting Farewell Address [does not contain the text of it, but rather puts it in context], Adams' administration and political partnership with his wife, the debate about where to place the capitol, Franklin's attempt to force Congress to confront the issue of slavery, and Madison's attempts to block him, and Jefferson and Adams famous correspondence -- Founding Brothers brings to life the vital issues and personalities from the most important decade in our nation's history."(Back)
24. Ourselves: approximately 22 pages per term. This book will continue through all the remaining years of AO/HEO curriculum. This is the 4th volume of Mason's 6 Volume Series. This year: pages 66-135 of Book 1.
Also available in a modern English paraphrase that can be read online or purchased. (K) The paraphrase of Book I, Self-Knowledge, the first half of Volume 4, can be purchased as a separate paperback book.
Term 1: Book 1 pg 99-125
Term 2: Book 1 pg 126-166
Term 3: Book 1 pg 167-210 (Back)
25. Pope's Essay on Man: Read a little background on Pope (there's a tiny bit in English Literature for Boys and Girls), and you'll see his poetry is "of the brain" and not the heart. With that in mind, read a few stanzas, and see if you can re-write them in prose, just to get a flavor of his writing, and the thinking that was prevalent during the era (he is a man of his time, and his ideas are more timely than timeless). The sentimental and romantic poets were a reaction against poetry like this (in part). Once you've experienced the thing, there's really no need to read it all. (posted by Karen Glass) (Back)
26. The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys: $ from Kelly Kenar, who typed this e-text for the use of AO/HEO. Postage at lulu.com is automatically set to UPS ground which is expensive, but you can choose media mail which is substantially cheaper. (If you purchase this book, we request that you purchase from the link provided, as other publishers' reprints of this book have used Kelly's hand-typed etext.)
Term 1: ch 50 (The 'Revenge') - 59 (Pilgrim's Progress)
Term 2: 60 (Dryden: The New Poetry) - ch 71 (Goldsmith)
Term 3: ch 72 (Burns) - 73 (Cowper: The Task)
AO schedules this book in conjunction with Invitation to the Classics; more material is covered in Marshall's History of English Literature from Year 7 to the middle of Year 10, and more is covered in Invitation to the Classics from the middle of Year 10, and through Year 11. If you prefer to use only Invitation to the Classics by Louise Cowan and Os Guinness ($), students in this year would read from John Donne to Alexander Hamilton, pg 155-202. A Table of Contents to help with planning is here. (Back)
28. I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed): (There's a newer version called Promise of Fidelity, translated by Omero Sabatini ($). Penguin Classics has version translated by Bruce Penman and called The Betrothed ($ K) Weeks 19-36. (Back)
30. The Holy War by John Bunyan: Charlotte Mason's Kingdom of Mansoul in Ourselves (volume 4 of her series) is based on this book. Mount Calvary Baptist has a helpful study guide, links to summaries, audio files and links to online texts. (Back)
32. Gulliver's Travels: Skip chapter 5 in Part II, on Gulliver's visit to Brobdinnag, the land of the Giants. Also be aware that towards the end of the first chapter, the miniscule Gulliver is repulsed by the sight of a giantess nursing her child. (Back)
34. She Stoops to Conquer: This is a play; there's a BBC-type movie version featuring Mark Dexter, Susannah Fielding, Polly Hemingway that might be fun to watch after reading the book. You might find it on YouTube. (Back)
35. Poetry: How do you "do" poetry? Simply read it and enjoy it, re-read it, read it again and listen to the sound of the phrases, let them paint a word picture in your mind. Do you feel like you need more direction? How to Read a Poem: Based on the Billy Collins Poem "Introduction to Poetry" by Tania Runyan is "less as an instructional book and more of an invitation." This is a suggested optional parent resource that encourages you read poetry for enjoyment. (Back)
36. Grammar: In terms of difficulty (easiest to most challenging), Easy Grammar Plus is probably the easiest, followed by Jensen's, and then Our Mother Tongue.
Jensen's Grammar goes slowly and step-by-step; their answer key is thorough (Our Mother Tongue doesn't always have answers). There are 75 lessons, so plan to take two years, or else do two lessons per week. Expect to pay about $30 for the Jensen's text and answer key. The DVD's are not necessary. You will probably find it cheaper at New Leaf Publishing, or other homeschool sellers such as Lampost Homeschool.
If you are not confident about teaching grammar, you might prefer Easy Grammar Plus by Wanda Phillips. It's less intense than Jensen's, but still doesn't assume a lot of previous knowledge from the teacher. It's easier than Jensen with just a couple suggested alterations (for example, don't insist on memorizing the prepositions at the start, just write a list of them and explain an easy way to remember most of them: any way a worm can go in relations to two apples, or a swallow in relation to two mountains). A parent using this with one child could get by with only the Teacher's Edition since the student workbook is included in it, but multiple students would need their own workbooks. ($ from their website or CBD) Easy Grammar Grade 8 Student 180 Daily Teaching Lessons by Wanda Phillips is just as good; it also has the student worbook included in the teacher's edition.
Those who are more familiar with grammar may prefer Our Mother Tongue. It's more interesting as it uses classic literature for exercises and includes snippets of history about language. The Answer Key $ is sold separately for about $5. Our Mother Tongue has 49 chapters. One suggestion is to spread the book over two years, doing about 9 chapters per term. (Back)
38. Napoleon's Buttons: Chapters 11 (The Pill) and 12 (Molecules of Witchcraft, because of the first paragraph on page p. 235) are not scheduled and can be skipped. Aditionally, these brief comments should also be noted by parents:
ch 5 (Nitro Compounds) pg 89 refers to the waste products of wine drinkers and "clergyman, or better yet a bishop" to make gunpowder.
ch 7 (Phenol) pg 131 suggests gossypol as a potential male chemical birth control method.
ch 10 (Wonder Drugs) pg 187 refers to "venereally spread" syphilis.
ch 16 (Chlorocarbon Compounds) pg 327 "In the Book of Genesis women, as Eve's descendants, are condemned to suffer during childbirth as punishment for her sin..." and goes on to mention why. (Back)
40. First Studies of Plant Life: continues from last year; parts 2 and 3 this year. Planting, growing and observing germinating seeds and plants is necessary to benefit from this book. If you prefer, you may substitute Exploring Creation with Botany by Jeanne Fulbright ($) over Years 7 and 8, with selected activities from the book. (Back)
42. Signs and Seasons - chapters 3-5 this year. The book is cheaper from CBD. Field work is an integral part of this book. Field activities are included in the back of the book, so the field guide is not necessary.
($ K) (Back)
43. Chemical History of a Candle resources: We highly recommend going through this book with Bill Hammack, "The Engineer Guy." His YouTube readings with guided commentary are invaluable helps, and we have posted the amazon link ($ K) above to his updated revision of the book. There is also a Pdf Study Guide by AO mom Kathy Wickward, and there are video helps from Khan Academy or Crash Course Chemistry. (Back)
44. A Briefer History of Time: A shorter version of A Brief History of Time containing less technical concepts. We encourage you not to skip this book; Hawking is one of the most respected scientists of our time and it is important for our students to be literate in this subject and know what other people believe. Hawking acknowledged the role of God in creation, and this book is respectful to the beliefs of others. (Back)
46. How to Read a Book may be saved for a later year. Be sure to get the revised edition, and read only Part 2 this year (this book continues into Year 10). This breaks down to five chapters for the year, seven weeks to get through each chapter. This is slow, but this material is weighty and should give much material for reflection and discussion. Note: The revised version was written by both Mortimer J. Adler And Charles Van Doren. If Van Doren is not a co-writer, it's the older book. It was revised in 1972, but later books may not be called "revised." The version to use has five chapters in part 1; 7 chapters in part 2; 7 chapters in part 3; and two chapters in part 4. The unrevised edition may have fewer parts. (Back)
48. Love is a Fallacy - An amusing short story which manages to entertain while instructing in some of the basic rhetorical fallacies. There's an alternate link here, and a pdf file here. We continue to update links, but this one has been a moving target. The story begins, "Cool was I and logical. Keen, calculating, perspicacious, acute and astute." If our link doesn't work, you might try googling with those exact words and the author's name (Shulman) to find it elsewhere on the internet. (Back)
50. The Count of Monte Cristo: A must-read but very long -- plan accordingly. Count of Monte Cristo overlaps the time periods of Years 9 and 10, so reading it through the summer will have the benefit of sustaining the flavor of the appropriate time period until the beginning of Year 10. (Back)
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