History studied this year: 1327-1600
Term 1: 1327-1454; Term 2: 1455-1529; Term 3: 1530-1600
Weekly schedule is here.
Table of Contents:
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Suggested Devotional Reading
Make a century chart of the period studied. 
A slightly abridged version of Martin Luther's defense before the Diet of Worms
Saints and Heroes, Vol 1 by George Hodges α ($amzn) (K) 
Saints and Heroes, Vol 2 by George Hodges α ($amzn) (K) 
Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc by Mark Twain α Vol 1 β; Vol 2 β ($amzn) (K) Ω 
A Man For All Seasons by Robert Bolt ($amzn (K) 
The Daughter of Time by Josephine Tey ($amzn) (K) 
Students should have a plan for keeping up with current events. 
Shakespeare - Continue with AO's Shakespeare Rotation.
Watership Down by Richard Adams ($amzn) (K) 
The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys by H.E. Marshall ch 1-31 β α ($amzn) (K) 
Chaucer for Children: A Golden Key by Mrs. H. R. Haweis α ($amzn) (K)
Everyman, a Morality Play α ($amzn) (K) Ω 
Fierce Wars and Faithful Loves by Roy Maynard by Roy Maynard; (read online) ($amzn) OR The Faerie Queene, Bk I, ed. by Carol Kaske ($amzn) (K)
The Roar on the Other Side: Guide for Student Poets by Suzanne Clark, 1st half ($amzn)
Include selections from Shakespeare, the Bible, poetry and other sources. These selections may be the same ones used for recitation.
Continue your math program; for some options, see this page.
The Wonder Book of Chemistry by Jean Henri Fabre α ($amzn) (K) 
First Studies of Plant Life by George Francis Atkinson α ($amzn) 
Great Astronomers by R.S. Ball β α (£) (Brahe, Kepler) 
The Mystery of the Periodic Table by Benjamin Wiker and Jeanne Bendick ($amzn) (K)
The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe by Theodore Gray, selected elements ($amzn) Or, purchase the app.
Keep flower and bird lists of species seen, select a special study for outdoor work, and continue to maintain nature notebooks.
Consult AO's artist rotation for this term.
Work on drawing skills. Illustrate a scene from one of this week's readings.
Begin Latin if you've not started already.
Continue with previous foreign language studies. 
Physical Education: Learn and play a game (kick ball, tennis, croquet, ping-pong, softball, etc.) or folk-dance, or pursue other physical activity of your choice. One option is Swedish Drill Revisited by Dawn Duran purchase
Charlotte Mason had students do house or garden work, make Christmas presents, other crafts, sew, cook, learn first aid . . .
Students who will be moving up to Form 4 next year (and will not be doing Form 3 next year) should read these books, which are scheduled in Form 3 next year, if they have not already read them:
The Lost Prince by Frances Hodgson Burnett β α Ω
The White Company by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle β ($amzn) (K) Ω (its prequel is Sir Nigel Ω)
David Copperfield by Charles Dickens β α ($amzn) (K) Ω Λ
Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
The Black Arrow β by Robert Louis Stevenson α ($amzn) (K) Ω
The Innocence of Father Brown by G. K. Chesterton β α ($amzn) Ω
Emma by Jane Austen β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
Freckles by Gene Stratton Porter β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
The Wonderful O ($amzn) and/or The Thurber Carnival by James Thurber ($amzn)
Unknown to History: Captivity of Mary of Scotland by Charlotte Yonge β α (£) Ω K
Jean Henri Fabre: Choose any of his books on insect life
Kenilworth by Sir Walter Scott β α ($amzn) Ω (or other Scott novel)
The Book Nobody Read: Chasing the Revolutions of Nicolaus Copernicus by astronomer Owen Gingerich ($amzn)
Many thanks to David Hicks, author of Norms and Nobility, for his kind permission to draw from his work and ideas. For more information please see the 1999 edition of his book. ($amzn)
2. Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the student receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so teachers and parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. (Cindy Rollins did a Circe Mason Jar podcast that included the role of audiobooks with difficult books.) For students who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text.
Librivox free audio is done by volunteers, and some are better than others. Heidi Nash has a list of some favorite Librivox readers. Be aware that apps, including Librivox, that have clickable ads can open a browser and allow children unfiltered access to the internet, even when browsers have been disabled by the parent. There are options: either download mp3 files from Librivox and listen without the app, or only install the app on a parent-controlled device. Librivox has a pay option to turn off ads. (Back)
4. AO for Groups offers a weekly plan to take students in both Forms III and IV simultaneously through the entire Bible in six years using the same schedule. The schedule is here; it can be printed off as needed and used as a bookmark.
Resources: Study questions with maps; Bible Maps; Bible timeline. Encyclopedia of Bible Truths, 4 Volumes by Ruth C. Haycock (purchase from CBD)
Charlotte Mason had her students reading a commentary. We suggest you use what fits best with your group's belief system, keeping in mind that this year should be a bit meatier than previous years. (Back)
6. Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a Century Chart and Book of Centuries. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($amzn). (Back)
8. The Birth of Britain is Volume 1 of Winston Churchill's 4 volume set, "A History of the English Speaking Peoples." The next three volumes will be used in Forms III and IV. Don't get the one edited by Henry Steele Commager, as it's abridged. For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for all 4 volumes of A History of the English Speaking Peoples, and a schedule to break down the week's chapter into 4 short daily readings.
(Maps of medieval England)
Term 1: Chapter 21-27
Term 2: Chapter 28-30
Term 3: The New World (next Churchill book)
An alternate option is A History of England by Arnold-Forster, also online at archive.org, Google Books; a schedule is here. There's a list that correlates chapters of Churchill's Birth of Britain, The New World, Arnold-Forster's History of England, and Marshall's An Island Story here. (Back)
10. The New World is Volume 2 of Winston Churchill's 4 volume set, "A History of the English Speaking Peoples." The next two volumes will be used in Forms III and IV. Don't get the one edited by Henry Steele Commager, as it's abridged. For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for all 4 volumes of A History of the English Speaking Peoples, and a schedule to break down the week's chapter into 4 short daily readings.
Term 2: Ch 1-4
Term 3: Ch 5-10 (Back)
12. A History of England by Arnold-Forster, online at archive.org, Google Books; a schedule is here.
Term 1 ch 25 (Edward II) to ch 31 (York and Lancaster)
Term 2 ch 32 (Edward IV) to ch 37 (Great Cardinal and King's Divorce)
Term 3 ch 38 (Protestant Reformation) to ch 49 (Tudor Period)
14. Saints and Heroes is church history.
Term 1: Volume 1 ch 18 (Wycliffe) to ch 19 (Hus)
Term 2: Volume 1 ch 20 (Savonarola) to Volume 2 ch 1 (Luther)
Term 3: Volume 2 ch 2 (Thomas More) to ch 8 (William the Silent) (Back)
16. Joan of Arc: Another (much shorter) option: Andrew Lang's The Story of Joan of Arc is available at Heritage History α Ω But keep in mind that swapping out hard books for easier ones is giving soft food to children who haven't learned to really chew solids yet: sometimes it's necessary. But don't give up too early on helping them (and you!) "chew" through the challenging material. (Back)
18. A Man for All Seasons is a play about Thomas More. A group of students could read this together, taking different parts. Alternately, a single student could watch the movie ($amzn), or as a second option, read William Roper's biography of Thomas More. (Roper was Thomas More's son-in-law.) (Back)
22. The Life of Christopher Columbus: The Advisory hasn't reviewed the Kindle copy of this yet. (Back)
24. Whatever Happened to Penny Candy: There is a Canadian supplement to this book. (Back)
26. Plutarch: Charlotte Mason recommended Thomas North's "inimitable translation." (Back)
27. Poetry: How do you "do" poetry? Simply read it and enjoy it, re-read it, read it again and listen to the sound of the phrases, let them paint a word picture in your mind. Do you feel like you need more direction? How to Read a Poem: Based on the Billy Collins Poem "Introduction to Poetry" by Tania Runyan is "less as an instructional book and more of an invitation." This is a suggested optional parent resource that encourages you read poetry for enjoyment. (Back)
28. Ourselves: approximately 22 pages per term. This book will continue through all the remaining years of AO curriculum. This is the 4th volume of Mason's 6 Volume Series. This year: pages 1-65 of Book 1.
Also available in a modern English paraphrase that can be read online or purchased. (K) The paraphrase of Book I, Self-Knowledge, the first half of Volume 4, can be purchased from lulu.com as a separate paperback book. Use paraphrases cautiously. If a child is truly lost and discouraged, a paraphrase can provide understanding and get him over the hump. But the goal is to build up his reading skills so that he doesn't need a paraphrase, and that won't happen by constantly relying on a paraphrase.
Term 1: Book 1 pg 66-86
Term 2: Book 1 pg 87-107
Term 3: Book 1 pg 108-130 (Back)
30. Charlotte Mason had students at this level read the daily news and keep a calendar of events. We suggest students choose the most important 2 or 3 stories of the week and re-write them in their own words as a chronicle of the year, making the heading of each page something like "This Week in History, September 1st, 2003." Teachers: pre-read and filter current events materials (on the web, or in print) as necessary, due to the potential for coverage and topics of an explicit nature, even from conservative sources. We've listed some possible options here.
Blogs as a media form have rapidly overtaken hard-copy publications. News is being reported there, in some cases, faster and more accurately than other, older media forms. Students should learn about them, find one they trust, and check it regularly. However, we recommend that teachers first become familiar with blogs and visit the one(s) their students will frequent. We suggest several poliblogs here, but know that not every message on these blogs will be 'child-friendly' and often have ads that include scantily clad women. Also, most blogs link to a multitude of other blogs and sites that may not be child-friendly.
Comments posted on blogs can be considered a new media equivalent of a letter to the editor, and students should learn how to communicate well on blogs. (Back)
31. Watership Down: An alleghorical story that includes "community, connection, relationships, government systems and consequences, what makes a civilization, what makes it humane or inhumane, quests, and more." Read what Advisory member Wendi Capehart said about why this book is scheduled here. (Back)
32. The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys:
Term 1: ch 21 How the Bible to ch 29 The Death of the Poet King
Term 2: ch 30 Dunbar to ch 37 The Land of Nowhere
Term 3: ch 38 The Death of Sir Thomas More to ch 41 Spenser
AO schedules this book in conjunction with Invitation to the Classics; more material is covered in Marshall's History of English Literature through the Victorian era, and more is covered in Invitation to the Classics in the more modern era. If you prefer to use only Invitation to the Classics by Louise Cowan and Os Guinness ($amzn), Students would read pg 107-138 Geoffry Chaucer to John Calvin. A Table of Contents to help with planning is here. (Back)
34. Everyman Morality Play: There's a slightly less archaic version here, or click on Everyman in the contents of this Google Book) There is a very abridged version here (perhaps useful for the teacher to look at before starting this with the student?) Check YouTube for live performances of this play. (Back)
36. Fierce Wars and Faithful Loves is Book I of Spenser's Fairie Queene, updated and annotated. We don't recommend the Kindle version because of formatting issues. For those who need a children's version, there's a 'modern' (1916) retelling by Mary MacLeod available. It's online at Sacred Texts and archive.org. Book I is "The Red Cross Knight." Ω However, using easier versions of hard books won't help your student build the skills and confidence to tackle challenging content in the future. The best way to learn to read hard books is to read hard books. Go slow, unravel sentence by sentence if you have to, refer to a summary to check yourself (or to get over an especially difficult hump). Sometimes an easier version is necessary, but keep in mind the long range goal: to be able to handle the original with confidence. (Back)
38. Easy Grammar Plus: It is not necessary to memorize the prepositions at the start, just write a list of them and explain an easy way to remember most of them, such as "any way a worm can go in relations to two apples," or "any way a swallow can go in relation to two mountains." A parent using this with one child could get by with only the Teacher's Edition since the student workbook is included in it, but multiple students would need their own workbooks. There are about 330 student worksheets in this thick book; expect to do one sheet every day to get through the book in two years. (Purchase from their website or CBD) Easy Grammar Grade 8 Student 180 Daily Teaching Lessons by Wanda Phillips is just as good; it also has the student workbook included in the teacher's edition. Work through Easy Grammar Plus over two years. Students who are moving up to Form 4 and only have a single year in Form will need to work through it quicker.
If you prefer, you can use Jensen's Grammar. It goes slowly and step-by-step using a thorough answer key, but is not quite as simple as Easy Grammar Plus. There are 75 lessons, so plan to take two years, doing one lesson per week. Students who need to get through the material in a single year should do two lessons per week. Expect to pay about $30 for the Jensen's text and answer key. The DVD's are not necessary. You will probably find it cheaper at New Leaf Publishing, or other homeschool sellers such as Lamppost Homeschool.
Those who are more familiar with grammar may prefer Our Mother Tongue. It's more interesting as it uses classic literature for exercises and includes snippets of history about language, but it assumes the teacher has grammar experience (the answer key doesn't always help). The Answer Key ($amzn) is sold separately. (Back)
40. Science: If your student wants to pursue a scientific major and needs to prepare for special exams, you may want to contact your college of choice to find out what the requirements are. We have not undertaken to prepare our students for specialty exams, but to give them a foundation of knowledge about science which will make it a matter of interest to them for life. (Back)
42. Wonder Book of Chemistry: Many of the experiments are not safe; in some cases, the explanations of what happens are sufficient to benefit from this book. (Back)
43. Great Astronomers: There's a paraphrase here. There are also briefer biographies online at MacTutor History of mathematics archives at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. They can be searched alphabetically from here. (Back)
44. First Studies of Plant Life: this book will be continued next year. Planting, growing and observing germinating seeds and plants is necessary to benefit from this book. Also online at Google Books.
If you prefer, you may substitute Exploring Creation with Botany by Jeanne Fulbright ($amzn) over Form 3, with selected activities from the book. (Back)
46. A Briefer History of Time: A shorter version of A Brief History of Time containing less technical concepts. We encourage you not to skip this book; Hawking is one of the most respected scientists of our time and it is important for our students to be literate in this subject and know what other people believe. Hawking acknowledged the role of God in creation, and this book is respectful to the beliefs of others. (Back)
49. Signs and Seasons - ch 2 and 3 this year. Both the book and journal are cheaper from CBD. Field work is an integral part of this book.
If you prefer, A Walk through the Heavens: A Guide to Stars and Constellations by Milton Heifetz may be used. ($amzn) (K) (Back)
50. The Lay of the Land: These are stand-alone essays. AO scheduled one or two chapters per term to match up with US seasonal months. Feel free to rearrange them to fit the seasons where you live.
ch 1 The Muskrats are Building (autumn)
ch 2 Christmas in the Woods (winter)
ch 3 A Cure for Winter (midwinter)
ch 4 The Nature-Student (any season)
ch 5 Chickadee (winter)
ch 6. The Missing Tooth (winter)
ch 7 The Sign of the Shad-bush (spring)
ch 8 The Nature Movement (spring/summer)
ch 9 June (early summer)
ch 10 Broken Feather (spring)
ch 11 High Noon (summer)
ch 12 The Palace in the Pig-pen (spring)
ch 13 An Account with Nature (late summer)
ch 14 The Buzzard of the Bear Swamp (late summer)
ch 15. The Lay of the Land (summer) (Back)
51. Fallacy Detective: There are 36 "lessons" in the book (newer editions have 38). Ideally, take two years to go through the book, covering a lesson every other week. Students who are moving into Form 4 and only have a single year can do a lesson per week. (Back)
52. How to Read a Book: Be sure to get the revised edition. written by both Mortimer J. Adler And Charles Van Doren. If Van Doren is not a co-writer, it's the older book. It was revised in 1972, but later books may not be called "revised." The version to use has five chapters in part 1; 7 chapters in part 2; 7 chapters in part 3; and two chapters in part 4. The unrevised edition may have fewer parts.
The book is read slowly, but this material is weighty and should give much material for reflection and discussion. Ideally, students should take two years to cover Parts 1 and 2. However, students who are moving into Form 4 and only have a single year should do both Parts in one year, as Parts 3 and 4 will be read in Form 4. There is a two year schedule here, and a one-year schedule here. These can be printed and used as a bookmark. (Back)
54. Janson's Story of Painting: chapters 3-5 this year: The Middle Ages (second half), Explorers and Discovers, The Age of Genius. (Some nudity; preview first.) If you already have Janson's Picture History of Painting, Janson's History of Art for Young People or Janson's History of Art, those books are broken down into their appropriate terms for AO4G here. Note that Janson's History of Art and History of Art for Young People are a huge books with much more text than the Painting books, and may be too much for most students on top of their other reading. (Back)
56. Foreign Folk Songs: Charlotte Mason did 3 in French and 3 in German. (Back)
58. English Folk Songs: you may choose to continue the Folk Song rotation at AmblesideOnline; as well as the AmblesideOnline rotation for Hymns each term. Carols would do for the Winter term. Work on each song about 4 weeks. Folksongs which are particularly appropriate selections for this year's time frame include:
Go No More a Rushing; Greensleeves; Scarbourough. Barbara Allen, Star of the County Down, Andrew Barton
[tune], English folksongs and other folksongs. (Back)
60. Charlotte Mason's students were learning three languages at this level. A good English/foreign language dictionary is also recommended.
You might find that your foreign language studies cover enough grammar to be counted as English Grammar as well. (Back)
Last update Oct. 6, 2020
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