AmblesideOnline Year 6 Booklist
"The question is not,--how much does the youth know? when he has finished his education--but how much does he care? and about how many orders of things does he care? In fact, how large is the room in which he finds his feet set? and, therefore, how full is the life he has before him."
Charlotte Mason, Volume 3, p. 170-171
A Basic Overview of Year 6
- Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Job
- Life of Christ (gospels in harmony); Acts 1-13
- Plutarch's Lives
- End of WWI to present, plus Ancient History
- World History
- African Colonization
- Animal Features
- How People Live
Science and Math
- Bios of Einstein, Archimedes, and Galileo
- Intelligent Design
- Natural History
- Nature Study
- Oral and Written Narration
- Frost, Sandburg, Hughes
- Age of Fable, Iliad, and more...
- Modern Language
Music and Arts
- Hymns and Folk Songs
- Artist/Picture Study
- Drawing and Handicrafts
Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.
If you're planning to use AmblesideOnline, your first stop should be the the FAQ for some information about the curriculum and basic instructions. Our FAQ answers all the questions that people routinely ask: AO's history scope and sequence, how to schedule your school days, how to do narration, and more.
Key: (What do all those symbols mean?)
Book titles are linked to Project Gutenberg (which offers free etexts in a variety of formats) or other online text when no Project Gutenberg text is available.
Asterisks refer to which term the book is used: * Term 1 ** Term 2 *** Term 3
β - manybooks.net, another free ebook site.
α - free etext at archive.org.
K - free Kindle text from amazon.com.
(£amzn) - Living Books Press purchase using AO's amazon.com affiliate link.
($amzn) - book purchase using AO's amazon.com affiliate link.
(K) - Kindle purchase using AO's amazon.com affiliate link.
(£) - Purchase directly from Living Books Press with an affiliate link; save 10% with discount code: AOBooks
Λ - free audiobook at Lit2Go
Ω - free audiobook at Librivox 
∩ - other free audiobook source
 - Click the bracketed numeral to view any notes about the book near the bottom of the page.
 - red footnotes indicate a heads-up for parents about the title. We cannot foresee every incident that might potentially be an issue to every family, but we have red-flagged those that are commonly a concern.
AO is an affiliate of Living Book Press, which means that when you purchase from livingbookpress.com we receive a commission which allows us to keep offering AO for free. LBP links are identified like this: (£)
AmblesideOnline is part of Amazon.com's Affiliate program. If you use the Amazon links, we receive a small commission which enables us to cover the costs of keeping the website and curriculum. Amazon links are identified like this: ($amzn) or (£amzn) or (K), but we have provided links to free and alternate sources as well.
AmblesideOnline Year 6 Curriculum
Students continue studying Plutarch's Lives as well as a Shakespeare play each term. They will continue with daily copywork, as well as studied dictation and grammar study. Every scheduled reading will still be narrated, either orally or in writing. Written narration should increase to more often than once a week, serving as further preparation for composition. Foreign language study continues as begun in previous years, alongside the study of Latin.
Year 6 reflects a transition year between the education of childhood and the challenging education of the upper years. As such, more mature subject matter is included in some areas. We have endeavored to make note of this where applicable, but we encourage parents to pre-screen such material to determine its appropriateness for their child and family.
Old Testament: Genesis, Job, Exodus, Leviticus
New Testament: Life of Christ; Foundation of the Church
History: end of WWI to present day, and 2 terms in ancient history
Keep a simple timeline. 
* The Story of Mankind by Hendrick Van Loon ($amzn) 
* The Story of the World, Vol 4: The Modern Age by Susan Wise Bauer ($amzn) (K) 
Answering the Cry for Freedom by Gretchen Woelfle ($amzn) (K) 
** *** Augustus Caesar's World by Genevieve Foster ($amzn) 
** The Story of the Greeks by H. A. Guerber β α ($amzn) K
*** The Story of the Romans by H. A. Guerber α ($amzn) (K)
** The Iliad by Homer
We suggest a good retelling, such as The Iliad for Boys and Girls by Alfred Church α (£) (£amzn) (£amzn) ($amzn) (K) Ω or Black Ships before Troy by Rosemary Sutcliff ($amzn) 
* Robert Frost
** Carl Sandburg
*** Dreamkeeper by Langston Hughes ($amzn) (K), or Langston's poems online.
Purchase AO's Volume 6 poetry collection which includes Frost, Sandburg, and our Year 6 anthology of favorites in paperback or Kindle ($amzn) (K)
A curriculum or program for handwriting is not necessary, but if you want to use one, these are some we've used and can suggest:
A Reason for Writing Level A: ($amzn) Level B: ($amzn)
Getty Dubay Italic Handwriting Series ($earch)
AO's Language Arts Scope and Sequence for this level
Year 6 exam questions will focus on adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and prepositional phrases.
* ** The Complete Book of Marvels by Richard Halliburton (£); consists of Book 1, The Occident (£) (£amzn) (£amzn), and Book 2, The Orient (£) (£amzn) (£amzn) 
OR A Child's Geography of the World by Virgil Hillyer ($amzn) 
Ten minutes of map drills each week 
Locate places from the day's reading on a map
In addition, these geography concepts should be explained and taught this year: 
Animal features (feet, teeth, covering) and their purposes
How we use animals:
meat, milk, fur, silk, horns, hooves, labor, pets
Things mined from the earth:
Minerals and metals such as coal, iron, gold, silver, lead, tin, copper, mercury, salt.
Quarried stones: granite, sandstone; limestone (chalk), marble, slate and their uses.
Where brick and glass come from
People around the world live in different dwellings, eat, work, learn and play.
Terms: agriculture (farming), stock-raising,
mining, lumbering, fishing.
manufacturing, trade/commerce, transportation and other occupations.
Plutarch for the 2021-2022 School Year:
Term 1: Pompey, Part 1 (Study Guide with text; Text Only)
Term 2: Pompey, Part 2 (Study Guide with text; Text Only)
Term 3: Themistocles (Study Guide with text; Text Only)
Purchase this year's study guides, Vol 6, in one book: ($amzn) (K)
AO's full Plutarch rotation
Nature Study and Science
Supplies for Nature Study:
Nature notebook and pencils or paint for each student
Begin to build a library of regional field guides
Plenty of time to allow Nature Study to be a fun learning experience for both parent and child
Nature Study Topics for the 2021-2022 School Year:
winter: Rocks, minerals and soil
AO's full Nature Study rotation
The Mystery of the Periodic Table by Benjamin Wiker and Jeanne Bendick ($amzn) (K)
The Sea Around Us by Rachel Carson ($amzn) (K) 
It Couldn't Just Happen by Lawrence Richards ($amzn) (K) 
The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe by Theodore Gray - selected elements ($amzn)
Or, purchase "The Elements by Theodore Gray" app by Touch Press Inc for iDevices.
* Albert Einstein and the Theory of Relativity by Robert Cwiklik ($amzn)
OR Ordinary Genius by Stephanie McPherson ($amzn)
** Archimedes and the Door of Science by Jeanne Bendick ($amzn) (K)
*** Galileo and the Magic Numbers by Sidney Rosen (K)
Select a program that meets your family's needs from our page of Math Options.
Artists (Picture Study) for the 2021-2022 School Year:
TERM 1 Jan Van Eyck (1395-1441; Flemish Northern Renaissance) (This term's composer: Saint-Saens and Berlioz, Early Romantic)
The Crucifixion and The Last Judgement are two of Van Eyck's most important and well-known works; however, they're gruesome, so alternatives have been suggested along with them.
1. The Crucifixion, 1425-30 Brussels, Belgium OR Birth of John the Baptist, 1422, Museo Civico d'Arte Antica, Turin, Italy
2. The Last Judgement, 1425-30, Brussels, Belgium OR Madonna with Child Reading, 1433, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
3. Adoration of the Lamb (From the Ghent Altarpiece, 1425-30)
4. The Annunciation, 1434-1436, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
5. The Arnolfini Wedding, 1434, National Gallery, London
6. Man in a Red Turban, 1433, National Gallery, London
Download a pdf file of this term's six prints here
TERM 2 Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510; Florentine Renaissance) (This term's composer: Bach)
1. Fortitude, c. 1470, Uffizi Gallery, Florence (also here; CM describes this in Vol 4, Book 2, pg 41)
2. Primavera, c. 1482, Uffizi Gallery, Florence or, this more modest alternate detail
3. Madonna of the Magnificat 1483-85, Uffizi Gallery, Florence
4. The Birth of Venus, c. 1485, Uffizi Gallery, Florence or, this more modest detail
5. A Young Man Being Introduced to the Seven Liberal Arts, c. 1484, Louvre, Paris (also here)
6. Calumny of Apelles, or, more modest detail, 1494-95, Uffizi Gallery, Florence (described in CM's Vol 4 Book 1 pg 151)
Download a pdf file of this term's six prints here
TERM 3 Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840; German Romantic) (This term's composer: Liszt)
1. The Cross in the Mountains 1808, Gemaldegalerie, Dresden, Germany
2. The Wanderer above the Mists, 1817-18, Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
3. Chalk Cliffs on Rügen, 1818-19, Stiftung Oskar Reinhart, Winterthur, Switzerland
4. On Board a Sailing Ship, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
5. Moon Rising over the Sea, 1821, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
6. Woman at a Window, 1822, National Gallery, Berlin, Germany
Download a pdf file of this term's six prints here
Composers for the 2021-2022 School Year:
TERM 1 Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) and Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921; Romantic) (This term's artist: Jan Van Eyck)
1. Saint-Saëns - Symphony no 3 in C min Op 78 *
2. Saint-Saëns - Danse Macabre Op 40 * *
3. Saint-Saëns - Carnival of Animals * *
4. Berlioz - Symphonie Fantastique * *
5. Berlioz - Dance of the Sylphs (from Faust Op. 24) * *
6. Berlioz - Rakoczy (Hungarian) March (from Faust Op. 24) * *
Classics for Kids Past Shows: Berlioz; Saint-Saens
TERM 2 Johann Sebastian Bach ( 1685-1750; Baroque) (This term's artist: Sandro Botticelli)
1, 2. Magnificat in D major BWV 243 (4 weeks) *
3. Chaconne from Partita in D minor BWV 1004 * *
4. any Church cantata * *
5. Brandenburg Concerto No. 6 in B flat major, BWV 1051 * *
6. Art of the Fugue BWV 1080 * * Full * *
Purchase the book Sebastian Bach, The Boy from Thuringia ($amzn) by Opal Wheeler
Free Ebook for younger students Johann Sebastian Bach: The Boy who sang in the streets by Thomas Tapper
Classics for Kids Past Shows: Bach
TERM 3 Franz Liszt (1811-1886; Romantic) (This term's artist: Caspar David Friedrich)
1. Piano Concerto no 1 in E-flat major S.124 *
2. Hungarian Rhapsodies, especially no 2 (this was featured in Tom and Jerry and Rhapsody Rabbit cartoons) * * All *
3. Les Preludes, Symphonic Poem no. 3 S.97 * *
4. Liebestraum No. 3 in A-flat major for piano * *
5. Piano Sonata in B min S.178 * *
6. Mephisto Waltz No. 1, S. 514 * *
Free Ebook for younger students Liszt: The Boy Who Became a Great Pianist and Teacher by Thomas Tapper
Classics for Kids Past Shows: Liszt
Hymns for the 2021-2022 School Year:
September: I Am Resolved * * ∘
October: To God Be The Glory * * ∘
November: The Love of God * * ∘
December: Tell Me The Story Of Jesus * * ∘
January: O God, Our Help In Ages Past * ∘
February: Leaning on the Everlasting Arms * * ∘
March: At Calvary * * * ∘
April: Am I A Soldier Of The Cross? * ∘
May: Now Thank We All Our God * * ∘
June: 'Tis So Sweet To Trust in Jesus * *
July: Nearer, My God, To Thee * * * * *
August: More Love To Thee, O Christ *
Folksongs for the 2021-2022 School Year:
September: The Jam on Gerry's Rocks * * * * ∘ (Related: film about Woodsmen and River Drivers) ($mp3)
October: The Wellerman * * * * ∘ ($mp3)
November: There is a Time for Us to Wander * * * ∘ ($mp3)
During your Christmas break, try a carol you may be less familiar with:
He Is Born, The Heav'nly Child/Il est ne, le divin enfant and/or O Come, O Come Emmanuel ∘
January Land of the Silver Birch * * * * * * * * ∘ ($mp3)
February: Haul on the Bowline * * ∘ ($mp3)
March: Revolutionary Tea * * * * ∘ ($mp3)
April: Farewell to Nova Scotia * * * ** * * ∘ ($mp3)
May: Ballad of New Scotland * * ∘ ($mp3)
June: Day-O, The Banana Boat Song * * * * * * * * ($mp3)
Bonus: I Know Moonlight, I Know Starlight * * *
One option is Swedish Drill Revisited by Dawn Duran purchase
Additional Books for Free Reading 
Books with asterisks coordinate with that term's historical studies.
* Where the Red Fern Grows by Wilson Rawls; 20th century ($amzn) (K)
* The Endless Steppe: Growing Up in Siberia by Esther Hautzig ($amzn) (recommended by AO users!)
* The Winged Watchman by Hilda Van Stockum ($amzn) (K)
* Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor ($amzn) (K); deals with racism in the 1930's
* Blue Willow by Doris Gates ($amzn); dust bowl story - there is another book by this name
* Miracles on Maple Hill by Virginia Sorensen ($amzn) (K); depression era fiction- sweet, upbeat, nature appreciation
* Letters from Rifka by Karen Hesse ($amzn) (K); very literary story of a Jewish Immigrant to post WWI America
* Jungle Pilot: The Life and Witness of Nate Saint, Martyred Missionary to Ecuador by Russel T. Hitt ($amzn) (K)
* The Von Trapp Family Singers by Maria Von Trapp ($amzn) (K)
* Number the Stars by Lois Lowry ($amzn) (K); WWII based on a true story of the Danish efforts to save the Jews
* The Ark by Margot Benary-Isbert; refugee family attempts survival in post WWII Germany ($amzn) Can also be purchased directly from the publisher.
* The Chestry Oak by Kate Seredy ($amzn); The effects of WWII on a young Hungarian prince
* The Devil's Arithmetic by Jane Yolen ($amzn) (K); a girl finds herself transported back in time and experiences the Holocaust first-hand.
School of the Woods α, by William J. Long ($amzn) (K)
Rob Roy by Sir Walter Scott β α ($amzn) (K) Ω Vol 1 K Vol 2 K
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain β α ($amzn) Ω Λ
Little Men by Louisa May Alcott β α ($amzn) Ω
Jack and Jill by Louisa May Alcott β α ($earch) Ω K (every homeschool family should read this)
The Cricket on the Hearth by Charles Dickens β α ($amzn) Ω K
The Swiss Family Robinson by Johann Wyss β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
The Call of the Wild by Jack London β α ($amzn) Ω Ω K Λ
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne β α ($amzn) Ω K Λ
Penrod by Booth Tarkington β α (£) ($amzn) Ω K
A Little Brother to the Bear by William J. Long α ($amzn) (K) K
*** The Bronze Bow by Elizabeth Speare ($amzn) (K)
* God's Smuggler by Brother Andrew and John Sherrill ($amzn) (K) Ch 2 discusses his wartime experience and may need to be screened for very young or sensitive readers; ch 5 mentions a loose woman at a chocolate factory with some comments that should be screened.
** *** Ben Hur by Lew Wallace β α ($amzn) K Ω
* The Search for Planet X by Tony Simon [out of print; this book has a PNEU connection.]
* Snow Treasure by Marie McSwigan ($amzn)
True story of Norwegian children who spirited away gold for the resistance right under the Nazi's eyes
If your students in years 4-6 could benefit from some easier, but still excellent living books for free reading, consider choosing four or five books from this list:
Mrs Frisby and the Rats of NIMH by Robert C. O'Brien ($amzn)
The Rescuers by Margery Sharp ($amzn) (K) (and others in the series)
The Cricket in Times Square by George Selden ($amzn) (K)
Homer Price by Robert McCloskey ($amzn) (K)
Centerburg Tales by Robert McCloskey ($amzn) (K)
The Great Brain by John D. Fitzgerald (particularly interesting to boys; skip (or preview) the last chapter, ch 8, "The Great Brain's Reformation," as it's a light-hearted tale told in a frivolous manner about a boy's attempts to do himself in after his father disparages his disability. ($amzn) (K)
2. Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words.
For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text.
Librivox free audio is done by volunteers, and some are better than others. Heidi Nash has a list of some favorite Librivox readers. Be aware that apps, including Librivox, that have clickable ads can open a browser and allow children unfiltered access to the internet, even when browsers have been disabled by the parent. There are options: either download mp3 files from Librivox and listen without the app, or only install the app on a parent-controlled device. Librivox has a pay option to turn off ads.
4. Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a simple, single-page timeline of major events and a Book of Centuries. Read an Advisory member's blog post about early timelines at Wendi Wanders. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($amzn). Two Book of Centuries options: (£) (£) (Back)
6. Bible: Bible Gateway has many versions of the Bible online. It is preferable for a child to become accustomed to the language and flow of the King James Version of the Bible, as a familiarity with King James English will make other literature more accessible. Please read Lynn Bruce's article on the King James Version.
The weekly schedule lists New Testament readings taken from J. Paterson Smyth's and Eugene Stock's commentaries on the second part of the life of Christ from all the gospels in harmony. Not every week has assignments from both OT and NT. (see AO's Bible plan) Charlotte Mason taught with commentaries, reading the Bible passage first, then narration, then reading the commentary, but Smyth's and Stock's commentaries may reflect the doctrine of their era and denomination; they are not necessary to follow the Bible schedule. You can follow this schedule without commentary, or choose your own.
Suggested for Year 6: Begin to read through the Bible (minus Song of Solomon and Revelation) in six years (Years 6-11): Term 1: Genesis; Psalm 1-20; Proverbs 1-6; complete The Life of Christ
Term 2: Job and Exodus 1-24; Psalm 21-37; Proverbs 7-11; Acts 1-7 (omitting Acts 7:1-50 for space)
Term 3: Exodus 25-40 and Leviticus; Psalm 38-55; Proverbs 12-16; Acts 8-13:12
Optional Bible Resources: Timeline; Study questions with maps. (Back)
8. The chapters used this year in Story of Mankind include added chapters that are only in later revised editions and are still under copyright, so they are not in the online texts. They are in the 1984 version updated by John Merriman and published by Liveright, and the 2013 edition revised by Robert Sullivan. Only get a Kindle version if it says it's the version "updated, by John Merriman." Online public domain texts and audio of this book are likely to be missing those later chapters.
Term 1: ch 66-71 1920
For planning purposes, there is a table of contents with dates for The Story of Mankind.
For those who wish to supplement, or to combine students in the same year, corresponding chapters of A Child's History of the World by Virgil Hillyer for younger children are as follows:
Term 1: ch 85-91 (Back)
9. Answering the Cry for Freedom: This book is scheduled over three years. Parents, please note that chapter 9, about Sally Hemings, tells about the physical relationship between Thomas Jefferson and his slave, Sally Hemings, that resulted in six children being born. Please pre-read this chapter, depending on the age and maturity of your student. (Back)
12. Story of the World: The historical books that were recommend for Years 1-6 such as An Island Story, A Child's History of the World, Abraham Lincoln's World, The Story of Mankind were carefully selected based on literary quality and availability for those historical periods and we believe that Susan Wise Bauer's Story of the World Volume 4 is the best book for the twentieth century that meets that same criteria. Pgs 244-474 are used this year. To help with your planning, table of contents for this book, with loose dates.
Full title is What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century: 200 Events That Shaped the World, by Alan Axelrod and Charles Phillips. This book went out of print and has been replaced in our schedule with The Story of the World Volume 4: The Modern Age, by Susan Wise Bauer. However, if you have What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century, you can still use it.
In the first years of AO, the Advisory did not feel that there was an adequate children's level book available on the 20th century. "What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century" is written for adults. We scheduled a number of the short chapters for year 6. Chapters not selected may have material deemed inappropriate for students, and parents should keep that in mind when giving the book to their children.
Parents may wish to read surrounding chapters to the chapters assigned. For instance, the chapter about the Moon Walk concludes on the page that a chapter on Woodstock begins. The Advisory did try to note any questionable wording in the chapters recommended. Parents should preview chapters where possible, as the author occasionally displays a bias that would not be acceptable to all families. This book has no photos - Parents are encouraged to select appropriate [non-graphic] photos of the century to show to their children, after they have read about the events ahead of time, in their context. This book was originally used in year 5 and 6.
Before "What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century" went out of print, AO support group members worked on a compendium that may be used along with the book. (Back)
16. Augustus Caesar's World: This book contains sections on the birth of world religions presented from a secular humanist point of view. Parents may wish to cover these sections closely with their children.
Term 2: first half of book - 162 pgs
Term 3: second half of book - 162 pgs (Back)
18. Trial and Triumph: Descriptions of some trials of the Christians may be intense; parents should preview chapters to determine suitability based on their children's sensitivities. If you prefer, you can skip this book and cover church history in Years 7-9 with a different book, Saints and Heroes, by George Hodges.
This book tells church history from a definite Protestant perspective; some families may wish to skip this book or find an alternative.
Trial and Triumph used to be online, but now only a sample of the book is available online. This is what we used to post about the online posting: Google Books does have permission from Canon Press to have Trial and Triumph in full online. Here is a statement from Canon Press: "I believe we have extended permission to them to display that title. Obviously we would love for folks to purchase hard copies but we understand the limitations of many folks. If they do benefit from the online version though, we would be grateful for some sort of review whether it be on a blog, on Amazon, or on our own website. Thanks for contacting us to check. We really appreciate it." - David Hoos, Canon Press - Customer Service www.canonpress.com (Back)
20. Genesis, Finding Our Roots: One AO Advisory member says, "this book shows one of many ways of looking at Genesis and thinking about how to interpret it: If the flood happened, what are some of the problems and issues that might have followed? How would people respond to such a cataclysmic event? How would I? What are some of the ways it could change my world and what I know? This has application outside of the Genesis flood no matter what you think of that event's historicity. This book fleshes out and makes the early characters of the Bible feel like real people and, one hopes, helps readers build the skill of thinking beyond what is written about an event into placing oneself in it and speculating and imagining how and what might result, one chain after another."
Some families have used Ben Hur by Lew Wallace instead β α ($amzn) K Ω, scheduling Books 1-4 in Term 2 and Books 5-8 in Term 3. Suggested schedule of readings. (Back)
22. The Complete Book of Marvels is a combination of two books: The Occident, and The Orient (see contents). Both have been reprinted by Living Books Press. There's a list of suggested supplemental videos for volume 1 at Wonder and Wildness blog.
Note that in The Orient, ch 8 - The Slave City, Halliburton talks in a humorous vein about the purchase of two children from a slave market. The apparent callousness is shocking and difficult to read. Halliburton's travelling companion at the time says this never happened, and his own travel notes indicate that it did not happen. Instead this was a quick story he told off the cuff to a group of reporters. It's not clear who added it to the book, as his father helped with quite a bit of the editing. It is clear it didn't trouble his editors, publshers, or reviewers at the time. Orient was published in 1938 and by March of 1939 Halliburton was missing, presumed dead. We do not have any way of knowing if his views and attitudes, and those of his editors, would have changed over time in step with the rest of the west.
Chip Deffaa, who retraced Halliburton's adventures in 1973, wrote, "To my surprise and amazement, I discovered his letters had been highly edited (doctored would be a better word) by his father before publication. Lines were changed, deleted, added. Not all of Halliburton's adventures took place as he described them. For example, he wrote that he had bought and sold slaves in Timbuktu, when in reality he had left the city in a rush to escape the flies. The slaves were an afterthought, a story he tried out on reporters at his hotel suite in Paris. They loved it." Read the article here. (Back)
23. Hillyer's Child's Geography of the World (out of print) is engagingly-written, but it was written in 1929 and many descriptions of people and places are outdated, not to mention the stereotypes that were commonly in use then but would be considered unacceptable by today's standards. If you have a copy and wish to use it, there's a table of contents here) to help you schedule it over the year. (Back)
24. David Livingstone: If you were unable to obtain a copy of Halliburton's Book of Marvels or Hillyer's Child's Geography of the World, you may use Missionary Travels β α K for all terms of Year 6; alternate schedule. Livingstone's journeys were selected for their geography of Africa, so map work is vital. The map link goes to a Map created by Livingstone himself. (Back)
26. Material World/What the World Eats - How to use these books:
Leave them out, preferably near a globe or world map, and browse through them together from time to time.
Leave them out, browse through them and maybe once a month pick a country that especially interests your child. Look it up (briefly) on Wikipedia or in a good atlas. Read a little bit more about it. Find it on a map or globe.
If your child is interested, he can pursue additional research in his free time and learn more about countries that particularly interest him, but this should be his own delight directed study or hobby.
How not to use these books: as the basis of a unit study or a burdensome checklist of additional tasks to fulfill.
Note: Material World: pg 16 and pg 70 have some National Geographic types of photos that parents may want to screen.
Hungry Planet: What the World Eats by Peter Menzel and Faith D'Aluisio looks similar to What the World Eats; we think it could be used interchangeably. ($amzn) (Back)
27. Poetry: How do you "do" poetry? Simply read it and enjoy it, re-read it, read it again and listen to the sound of the phrases, let them paint a word picture in your mind. Do you feel like you need more direction? How to Read a Poem: Based on the Billy Collins Poem "Introduction to Poetry" by Tania Runyan is "less as an instructional book and more of an invitation." This is a suggested optional parent resource that encourages you read poetry for enjoyment. (Back)
30. The following geography concepts should be explained and taught this year; a book is not necessary as these can be explained informally during walks and outings.
AO's complete list of geography topics
Term 1: Animal features (feet, teeth, covering) and their purposes; how we use animals (meat, milk, fur, silk, horns, hooves, labor, pets)
These topics are covered in these chapters:
Long's Home Geography α (£) (£amzn) 37. The Parts of Animals
Long's Home Geography α 38. The Covering of Animals
Long's Home Geography α 39. Uses of Animals
Term 2: Things mined from the earth: minerals and metals such as coal, iron, gold, silver, lead, tin, copper, mercury, salt. Quarried stones: granite, sandstone; limestone (chalk), marble, slate and their uses. Where brick and glass come from; mortar.
These topics are covered in these chapters:
Long's Home Geography α 41. Things Found in the Earth
Long's Home Geography α 42. More About Things Found in the Earth
Term 3: People around the world live in different dwellings, eat, work, learn and play. Terms: agriculture (farming), stock-raising, mining, lumbering, fishing. Town people: manufacturing, trade/commerce, transportation and other occupations.
These topics are covered in these chapters:
Long's Home Geography α 43. How People Live, and What They Are Doing
Long's Home Geography α 44. More About What People Are Doing
Long's Home Geography α 45. A Review Lesson (Back)
32. The Sea Around Us - we recommend the Young Readers Edition adapted by Anne Terry White if you can find it (it's out of print). ($earch) It's about a third shorter and has illustrations. It can follow the same schedule, but two of the chapters have different titles: ch 2, The Pattern of the Surface, is called The Surface of the Sea; ch 10, Wind, Sun, and the Spinning of the Earth, is called Rivers in the Sea. AO links to a special edition that's in print, but it's not the Young Readers edition and it has no illustrations. If you're curious why The Sea Around Us is scheduled, The Guardian has an article that describes The Sea Around Us as "the first, and still perhaps the best science bestseller. . . The reader is immersed in a new and wonderful world, one where everything really is connected to everything else. This sense of the sea and all its constituents as part of an interrelated system infuses the entire book." The special edition we've linked "features a new chapter written by Jeffrey Levinton, a leading expert in marine ecology, that brings the scientific side of The Sea Around Us completely up to date. Levinton incorporates the most recent thinking on continental drift, coral reefs, the spread of the ocean floor, the deterioration of the oceans, mass extinction of sea life, and many other topics." ($amzn) There is some evolutionary content in the book, especially the first chapter. We suggest you pre-read the first chapter; some may decide to skip it. (Back)
33. It Couldn't Just Happen: Newer editions have slightly different page numbers but the chapters are the same. If you're following AO's weekly schedules, your page numbers may not match up with the schedule, but chapter titles should. (Back)
34. Age of Fable, used over three years, is a book about Greek mythology, and some editions use illustrations of nudes, which some families might find objectionable. This year: ch 29 (Ulysses) - end (Druids)
Term 1: ch 29 (Return of Ulysses) to ch 33 (Camilla, Opening the Gates, Camilla)
Term 2: ch 33 (Evander, Infant Rome) to ch 36 (The Unicorn, the Salamander)
Term 3: ch 37 (Zoroaster, Hindu Mythology) to ch 41 (Iona) (Back)
36. The Iliad: two other options are Tales of Troy by Andrew Lang β α ($amzn) K (the sections titled Ulysses the Sacker of Cities and The Wanderings of Ulysses are retelling The Iliad and The Odyssey) or The Iliad of Homer, by Barbara Leonie Picard ($amzn)
We have scheduled some of the worthy re-tellings of The Iliad, but if you prefer the original, we suggest the translation by Robert Fagles ($amzn) (K) The Iliad is 24 "books;" to use this in Term 3, you will need to schedule two "books" per week. (Back)
38. Free Reading books are books that no child should miss, but rather than overloading school time, these can be read during free time. No narrations need be required from these books. Advisory member Wendi C. suggests, "How you handle these is up to you..." (more) Parents should also explain to students that historical fiction, while often well-researched, is still fiction, and contains the author's ideas of how things might have happened. Books with asterisks pertain to that term's historical studies. (Back)
For those on a strict budget, recommended purchases are:
The Story of the World, Volume 4: The Modern Age, by Susan Wise Bauer (used in year 5 and 6) ($amzn) (K)
Handbook of Nature Study, by Anna Botsford Comstock is used for Years 1-6; ($amzn) (Also online, but would be cumbersome to utilize that way.)
a math program
Augustus Caesar's World, by Genevieve Foster ($amzn)
The Mystery of the Periodic Table, by Benjamin Wiker ($amzn) (K)
The Elements, by Theodore Gray ($amzn)
Material World: A Global Family Portrait by Peter Menzel and What the World Eats by Faith D'Aluisio and Peter Menzel -- these are not required, but they're are nice to look through; we suggest seeing if your library has them.
Genesis, Finding Our Roots, by Ruth Beechick ($amzn) -- unless you plan to read Ben-Hur instead. (Ben-Hur is online.)
Never Give In (Winston Churchill), by Stephen Mansfield ($amzn) (If your library has a child-appropriate biography of Churchill, you could use that.)
The Sea Around Us, by Rachel Carson, if your library doesn't have it ($amzn) (K) (we recommend the Young Readers Edition adapted, by Anne Terry White if you can find it.)
It Couldn't Just Happen, by Lawrence Richards ($amzn) (K)
Archimedes and the Door of Science, by Jeanne Bendick if your library doesn't have it ($amzn) (K)
Galileo and the Magic Numbers, by Sidney Rosen (K)
Albert Einstein and the Theory of Relativity by Robert Cwiklik ($amzn)
OR Ordinary Genius by Stephanie McPherson ($amzn) or other age-appropriate biography of Albert Einstein.
a Latin/foreign language program
Animal Farm, by George Orwell (check libray) ($amzn) (K)
The Hobbit, by Tolkien (check library) ($amzn) (K)
Charlotte Mason created a "List of Attainments;" what a child should be able to do by age 6, and by age 12. It might be helpful to take a look at this list since many Year 6 students are around age 12.