History studied this year: 1605-1688
Term 1: 1605-1644; Term 2: 1645-1672; Term 3: 1673-1688
Weekly schedule is here.
Table of Contents:
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Suggested Devotional Reading
Make a century chart of the period studied. 
Students should have a plan for keeping up with current events. 
Shakespeare - Continue with AO's Shakespeare Rotation.
The Holy War by John Bunyan β α Divided and slightly annotated here. ($amzn) ($amzn) A paraphrase is available here ($amzn). Ω 
The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys by H.E. Marshall ch 32-59 β α ($amzn) (K) 
Shakespeare's Sonnets β, selected. 
² John Milton, selected poems, to include Paradise Lost Book I (14 poems here.)
³ John Donne and George Herbert - 13 Donne poems here (K) (notes here) and 10 Herbert poems here
The Roar on the Other Side: Guide for Student Poets by Suzanne Clark, 2nd half ($amzn)
Include selections from Shakespeare, the Bible, poetry and other sources. These selections may be the same ones used for recitation.
Continue your math program; for some options, see this page.
Phineas Gage: A Gruesome but True Story About Brain Science by John Fleischman ($amzn) (K)
³ William Harvey and the Discovery of the Circulation of the Blood by Thomas Henry Huxley β Images for text here
The Chemical History of a Candle by Michael Faraday β α ($amzn) (K) 
First Studies of Plant Life by George Francis Atkinson, Parts 2, 3 α [Google Books] ($amzn) 
² The Microbe Hunters by Paul DeKruif, ch 1: Leeuwenhook ($amzn) (K)
Adventures with a Microscope by Richard Headstrom ($amzn) (K) 
Signs and Seasons: Understanding the Elements of Classical Astronomy by Jay Ryan ($amzn) (CBD) 
Keep flower and bird lists of species seen, select a special study for outdoor work, and continue to maintain nature notebooks.
The Fallacy Detective by Nathaniel Bluedorn and Hans Bluedorn ($amzn) (K) students should complete the book before moving on to Form 4. 
How To Read a Book by Mortimer Adler and Charles Van Doren ($amzn) (K)  students should read Parts I and II before moving on to Form 4
Consult AO's artist rotation for this term.
Work on drawing skills. Illustrate a scene from one of this week's readings.
Begin Latin if you've not started already.
Continue with previous foreign language studies. 
Physical Education: Learn and play a game (kick ball, tennis, croquet, ping-pong, softball, etc.) or folk-dance, or pursue other physical activity of your choice. One option is Swedish Drill Revisited by Dawn Duran purchase
Charlotte Mason had students do house or garden work, make Christmas presents, other crafts, sew, cook, learn first aid . . .
Students who will be moving up to Form 4 next year (and will not be doing Form 3 next year) should read these books, which are scheduled in Form 3A, if they have not already read them:
Johannes Kepler: Giant of Faith and Science by John Hudson Tiner ($amzn)
The Innocence of Father Brown by G. K. Chesterton β α ($amzn) Ω
Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
Emma by Jane Austen β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
Freckles by Gene Stratton Porter β α ($amzn) (K) Ω
The Wonderful O ($amzn) and/or The Thurber Carnival by James Thurber ($amzn)
To Have and to Hold: A Story of Virginia in Colonial Days by Mary Johnston β α ($amzn) Ω
All for Love, or, The World Well Lost by John Dryden β α
Discourses on Satire and Epic Poetry by John Dryden β
The Compleat Angler by Izaak Walton β α ($amzn) Ω (short contemplative readings)
The History of King Charles II of England by Jacob Abbott β α edition under review: ($amzn)
The Memoirs of Gluckel of Hameln tr. by Marvin Lowenthal; 1690 diary of a Jewish widow ($amzn) (K)
Pioneers of the Old South: A Chronicle of English Colonial Beginnings by Mary Johnston β α
Jean Henri Fabre: Choose any of his books on insect life
The House of Arden: A Story for Children by E. Nesbit β ($amzn) Ω
Harding's Luck by E. Nesbit β α ($amzn) Ω
Lorna Doone by R. D. Blackmore β α ($amzn) Ω
Galileo's Daughter by Dava Sobel ($amzn) (K)
Don Quixote by Miguel Cervantes ($amzn) Find an edited version!
Unedited version here; The PNEU recommended an edition called The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha by John Ormsby. α There's also a fun retelling for youths by James Baldwin here ($amzn) (K)
The Space Trilogy by C.S. Lewis
Many thanks to David Hicks, author of Norms and Nobility, for his kind permission to draw from his work and ideas. For more information please see the 1999 edition of his book. ($amzn)
2. Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the student receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents and teachers should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. (Cindy Rollins did a Circe Mason Jar podcast that included the role of audiobooks with difficult books.) For students who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text.
Librivox free audio is done by volunteers, and some are better than others. Heidi Nash has a list of some favorite Librivox readers. Be aware that apps, including Librivox, that have clickable ads can open a browser and allow children unfiltered access to the internet, even when browsers have been disabled by the parent. There are options: either download mp3 files from Librivox and listen without the app, or only install the app on a parent-controlled device. Librivox has a pay option to turn off ads. (Back)
4. AO for Groups offers a weekly plan to take students in both Forms III and IV simultaneously through the entire Bible in six years using the same schedule. The schedule is here; it can be printed off as needed and used as a bookmark.
Resources: Study questions with maps; Bible Maps; Bible timeline. Encyclopedia of Bible Truths, 4 Volumes by Ruth C. Haycock (purchase from CBD)
Charlotte Mason had her students reading a commentary. We suggest you use what fits best with your group's belief system, keeping in mind that this year should be a bit meatier than previous years. (Back)
06. Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a Century Chart and Book of Centuries. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($amzn). (Back)
08. The New World is Volume 2 of Winston Churchill's 4 volume set, "A History of the English Speaking Peoples." The next two volumes will be used in Form 4. Don't get the one edited by Henry Steele Commager, as it's abridged. For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for all 4 volumes of A History of the English Speaking Peoples, and a schedule to break down the week's chapter into 4 short daily readings.
Term 1: ch 11-16
Term 2: ch 17-21
Term 3: ch 22-26 (Back)
10. A History of England by Arnold-Forster, also online at archive.org, Google Books; a schedule is here. There's a list that correlates chapters of Churchill's Birth of Britain, The New World, Arnold-Forster's History of England, and Marshall's An Island Story here.
Term 1 ch 50 (Parliament) to ch 53 (King Defies Parliament)
Term 2 ch 53 (King Defies Parliament) to ch 56 (Charles II)
Term 3 ch 56 (Charles II) to ch 58 (William and Mary) (Back)
12. A Relation or Journal of the beginning and proceedings of the English Plantation settled at Plymouth in New England, by certain English Adventurers both Merchants and others is a pdf of journal entries of the original settlers.
Alternately, you may use A History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford β α Ω Caleb Johnson had posted Ch 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 36 with modern spelling on his webpage, but it's gone (try here); these have been re-posted at a Plymouth site: 1, 2, 4, 9. Suggested schedule (and these are linked to Project Gutenburg's full text; you may want to use Caleb Johnson's when possible) - Wk 18: ch. 1-2; Wk 19: ch 3-4; Wk 20: ch 7-8; Wk 21: ch 9 and 36. There is a modern language version available ($amzn) Weeks 18-21. Another option: The Landing of the Pilgrims is a Landmark book by James Daugherty drawn from the Pilgrims' own journals, including Bradford's journal. ($amzn) (K) (Back)
14. Saints and Heroes is church history. Scheduled this year:
Term 2 ch 11 (Cromwell) to ch 12 (Bunyan) (Back)
15. A Coffin for King Charles was also published under the title The Trial of Charles I in England. (Back)
16. Plutarch: Charlotte Mason recommended Thomas North's "inimitable translation." (Back)
17. Ourselves: approximately 22 pages per term. This book will continue through all the remaining years of AO curriculum. This is the 4th volume of Mason's 6 Volume Series. This year: pages 1-65 of Book 1.
Also available in a modern English paraphrase that can be read online or purchased. (K) The paraphrase of Book I, Self-Knowledge, the first half of Volume 4, can be purchased from lulu.com as a separate paperback book. Use paraphrases cautiously. If a child is truly lost and discouraged, a paraphrase can provide understanding and get him over the hump. But the goal is to build up his reading skills so that he doesn't need a paraphrase, and that won't happen by constantly relying on a paraphrase.
Term 1: Book 1 pg 131-155
Term 2: Book 1 pg 156-178
Term 3: Book 1 pg 179-210 (Back)
18. Utopia: We suggest the modern translation by Paul Turner. If you're using an online public domain text, we've divided one for weeks 1-24 here. There's also an online text listed by book/chapter. (Back)
19. Poetry: How do you "do" poetry? Simply read it and enjoy it, re-read it, read it again and listen to the sound of the phrases, let them paint a word picture in your mind. Do you feel like you need more direction? How to Read a Poem: Based on the Billy Collins Poem "Introduction to Poetry" by Tania Runyan is "less as an instructional book and more of an invitation." This is a suggested optional parent resource that encourages you read poetry for enjoyment. (Back)
20. Francis Bacon essay suggestions:
Of Regiment of Health,
Of Youth and Age,
Of Honor and Reputation,
Of Anger. These selections have been collected and divided into manageable paragraphs here.
One suggestion: have your student write their own paraphrase. (Back)
22. Charlotte Mason had students at this level read the daily news and keep a calendar of events. We suggest students choose the most important 2 or 3 stories of the week and re-write them in their own words as a chronicle of the year, making the heading of each page something like "This Week in History, September 1st, 2003." Teachers: pre-read and filter current events materials (on the web, or in print) as necessary, due to the potential for coverage and topics of an explicit nature, even from conservative sources. We've listed some possible options here.
Blogs as a media form have rapidly overtaken hard-copy publications. News is being reported there, in some cases, faster and more accurately than other, older media forms. Students should learn about them, find one they trust, and check it regularly. However, we recommend that teachers first become familiar with blogs and visit the one(s) their students will frequent. We suggest several poliblogs here, but know that not every message on these blogs will be 'child-friendly' and often have ads that include scantily clad women. Also, most blogs link to a multitude of other blogs and sites that may not be child-friendly.
Comments posted on blogs can be considered a new media equivalent of a letter to the editor, and students should learn how to communicate well on blogs. (Back)
24.The Holy War by John Bunyan: Charlotte Mason's Kingdom of Mansoul in Ourselves (volume 4 of her series) is based on this book. Mount Calvary Baptist has a helpful study guide, links to study notes, audio files and links to online texts.
The a librivox version (here) is read beautifully by Joy Chan. To divide it into 24 readings over a 12-week term, you might listen to one of the 20 audio files twice a week, except for chapters 1, 3 and 4, and 5 which can be divided in half. A text with divisions based on this recording so your student can follow along is here.
A modern English paraphrase is available here ($amzn). (Back)
26. The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys:
Term 1: ch 42 Spenser - ch 48 Jonson
Term 2: ch 49 Jonson - ch 55 Herbert
Term 3: ch 56 Herrick and Marvell - ch 59 Bunyan
AO schedules this book in conjunction with Invitation to the Classics; more material is covered in Marshall's History of English Literature in Forms III, and more is covered in Invitation to the Classics in Form 4. If you prefer to use only Invitation to the Classics by Louise Cowan and Os Guinness ($amzn) This year, students would read pg 139-176 Miguel de Cervantes to John Bunyan, The Pilgrim's Progress. A Table of Contents to help with planning is here. (Back)
30. Shakespeare Sonnets: Selections: XVIII (18), XXIX (29), XXX (30), LIII (53), LIV (54), LVII (57), LXXIII (73), XCIV (94), CIV (104), CVI (106) CXVI (116), CXXIX (129) (read one per week) Download these 12 sonnets in one collection. SparkNotes has helps for some of the sonnets. Modern side-by-side translations are available from No Fear Shakespeare, CliffsNotes, and Shakespeare Online. Use paraphrases cautiously. If a child is truly lost and discouraged, a paraphrase can provide understanding and get him over the hump. But the goal is to build up his reading skills so that he doesn't need a paraphrase, and that won't happen by constantly relying on a paraphrase. Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
32. Easy Grammar Plus: It is not necessary to memorize the prepositions at the start, just write a list of them and explain an easy way to remember most of them, such as "any way a worm can go in relations to two apples," or "any way a swallow can go in relation to two mountains." A parent using this with one child could get by with only the Teacher's Edition since the student workbook is included in it, but multiple students would need their own workbooks. There are about 330 student worksheets in this thick book; expect to do one sheet every day to get through the book in two years. (Purchase from their website or CBD) Easy Grammar Grade 8 Student 180 Daily Teaching Lessons by Wanda Phillips is just as good; it also has the student workbook included in the teacher's edition. Work through Easy Grammar Plus over two years. Students who are moving up to Form 4 and only have a single year in Form will need to work through it quicker.
If you prefer, you can use Jensen's Grammar. It goes slowly and step-by-step using a thorough answer key, but is not quite as simple as Easy Grammar Plus. There are 75 lessons, so plan to take two years, doing one lesson per week. Students who need to get through the material in a single year should do two lessons per week. Expect to pay about $30 for the Jensen's text and answer key. The DVD's are not necessary. You will probably find it cheaper at New Leaf Publishing, or other homeschool sellers such as Lamppost Homeschool.
Those who are more familiar with grammar may prefer Our Mother Tongue. It's more interesting as it uses classic literature for exercises and includes snippets of history about language, but it assumes the teacher has grammar experience (the answer key doesn't always help). The Answer Key ($amzn) is sold separately. (Back)
36. Chemical History of a Candle resources: We highly recommend going through this book with Bill Hammack, "The Engineer Guy." His YouTube readings with guided commentary are invaluable helps, and we have posted the amazon link ($amzn) (K) above to his updated revision of the book. There is also a Pdf Study Guide by AO mom Kathy Wickward, and there are video helps from Khan Academy or Crash Course Chemistry. (Back)
38. First Studies of Plant Life: parts 2 and 3 this year. Planting, growing and observing germinating seeds and plants is necessary to benefit from this book. If you prefer, you may substitute Exploring Creation with Botany by Jeanne Fulbright ($amzn) over Form 3, with selected activities from the book. (Back)
41. Signs and Seasons - ch 3-5 this year. The book is cheaper from CBD. Field work is an integral part of this book. Field activities are included in the back of the book, so the field guide is not necessary.
If you prefer, A Walk through the Heavens: A Guide to Stars and Constellations by Milton Heifetz may be used. ($amzn) (K) (Back)
42. The Lay of the Land: These are stand-alone essays. AO scheduled one or two chapters per term to match up with US seasonal months. Feel free to rearrange them to fit the seasons where you live.
ch 1 The Muskrats are Building (autumn)
ch 2 Christmas in the Woods (winter)
ch 3 A Cure for Winter (midwinter)
ch 4 The Nature-Student (any season)
ch 5 Chickadee (winter)
ch 6. The Missing Tooth (winter)
ch 7 The Sign of the Shad-bush (spring)
ch 8 The Nature Movement (spring/summer)
ch 9 June (early summer)
ch 10 Broken Feather (spring)
ch 11 High Noon (summer)
ch 12 The Palace in the Pig-pen (spring)
ch 13 An Account with Nature (late summer)
ch 14 The Buzzard of the Bear Swamp (late summer)
ch 15 The Lay of the Land (summer) (Back)
43. Fallacy Detective: There are 36 "lessons" in the book (newer editions have 38). Ideally, take two years to go through the book, covering a lesson every other week. Students who are moving into Form 4 and only have a single year can do a lesson per week. (Back)
44. How to Read a Book: Be sure to get the revised edition. written by both Mortimer J. Adler And Charles Van Doren. If Van Doren is not a co-writer, it's the older book. It was revised in 1972, but later books may not be called "revised." The version to use has five chapters in part 1; 7 chapters in part 2; 7 chapters in part 3; and two chapters in part 4. The unrevised edition may have fewer parts.
The book is read slowly, but this material is weighty and should give much material for reflection and discussion. Ideally, students should take two years to cover Parts 1 and 2. However, students who are moving into Form 4 and only have a single year should do both Parts in one year, as Parts 3 and 4 will be read in Form 4. There is a two year schedule here, and a one-year schedule here. These can be printed and used as a bookmark. (Back)
45. Janson's Story of Painting: chapter 63 this year: The Triumph of Light. (Some nudity; preview first.) If you already have Janson's Picture History of Painting, Janson's History of Art for Young People or Janson's History of Art, those books are broken down into their appropriate terms for AO4G here. Note that Janson's History of Art and History of Art for Young People are a huge books with much more text than the Painting books, and may be too much for most students on top of their other reading. (Back)
46. Foreign Folk Songs: Charlotte Mason did 3 in French and 3 in German. (Back)
48. English Folk Songs: you may choose to continue the Folk Song rotation at AmblesideOnline; as well as the AmblesideOnline rotation for Hymns each term. Carols would do for the Winter term. Work on each song about 4 weeks. Folksongs which are particularly appropriate selections for this time period include:
The Death of Queen Jane, The Miller of Dee, Drink to Me Only With Thine Eyes
Three Mariners, The Oak and the Ash, My Lodging is on the Cold Ground [tune], English folksongs and other folksongs. (Back)
50. Charlotte Mason's students were learning three languages at this level. A good English/foreign language dictionary is also recommended.
You might find that your foreign language studies cover enough grammar to be counted as English Grammar as well. (Back)
52. The Once and Future King, (TOAFK), Book One "The Sword in the Stone" and Book Two "The Queen of Air and Darkness." This book is intended to compliment and expand on King Arthur, and should not be the student's only exposure to the Arthurian legends. NOTE: This is a read aloud and discuss book. Please preview. The themes in this book, although controversial, are too important to dismiss. For more information, read discussion about this book. A student reading this on his or her own should read Book I, The Sword in the Stone. Book 2, The Queen of Air and Darkness, should not be read without teacher discussion. (Back)
54. Secrets of the Universe was republished as five separate books:
Liquids and Gases: Principles of Fluid Mechanics (£)
Objects in Motion: Principles of Classical Mechanics (£)
Waves: Principles of Light, Electricity, and Magnetism (£)
Matter and Energy: Principles of Matter and Thermodynamics (£)
Relativity and Quantum Mechanics: Principles of Modern Physics (£); see help in corresponding the books here.
Please don't feel that the Advisory is asking anyone to go on a major quest for the only excellent book out there. That's not what was intended by leaving the book on the list, only that if you CAN get a copy, it's still our first choice for explaining these concepts. If you are unable to access it, another option might be The Boy Scientist by John Bryan Lewellen, out of print, but more readily available at used book sources than Secrets of the Universe. Another option is The Sciences by Edward Holden, out of print, but online. Charlotte Mason herself recommended Holden's book, so even simply taking a look at it will give an idea of the kind of science text she would have used. We don't usually recommend out of print books, or very expensive books. All of these books are good, and if you can obtain them, we suggest you use them. However, we continue to seek an alternative that fits our guidelines of excellence, availability, and affordability. (Back)
Last update Oct. 6, 2020
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